Are laws and regulations the problem or the solution in addressing ethical problems?
How do moral philosophies provide the foundation for health care managers to develop their own personal ethics?
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1. Are laws and regulations the problem or the solution in addressing ethical problems?
Healthcare professions and organizations make many decisions which impact on stewardship of the public's interests, assets and resources. While many decisions are made in the light of legislation, policy, and guidelines, others are made in accordance with personal judgment and discretion. Laws, policies, regulations and other forms of rules are external controls and, being so, it is fairly easy to make personnel aware of them. They are useful when they apply to the problem being solved. However, when health professionals are trying to decide what to do in a certain situation and there is no written rule or there are conflicting views or values, ethical problem solving models should help the parties make an ethical decision (http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:hVs3Yk_reowJ:www.opsc.qld.gov.au/library/docs/resources/publications/Ethics/InfoSheet_Ethics_EthicalDecisionMaking.doc+Are+laws+and+regulations+the+problem+or+the+solution+in+addressing+ethical+problems%3F&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=ca&client=firefox-a).
An example of the steps in one Ethical Decision Making Model used to make complex and ethical decisions include:
1. Describe the situation. Establish the facts of the matter.
2. Define the ethical dilemma.
3. Assess the ethical obligations and other factors that relate to the dilemma.
4. List options and consequences. Weigh them up. The chosen option must be ethically defensible and in the public interest. Decide on the most appropriate option.
5. Act. Implement the decision.
6. Reflect ...
This solution examines if laws and regulations are the problem or the solution in addressing ethical problems, as well as responds to the two questions: How do moral philosophies and principles provide the ethical framework for the delivery of health services by individuals and organizations? How do moral philosophies provide the foundation for health care managers to develop their own personal ethics?