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Ethical Concerns about Surrogacy

Paper that addresses the following ethical issues surrounding assisted reproduction:

(1) What ethical dilemmas surround surrogacy and the donation of egg and/or sperm? Because surrogates are paid, is this a practice that exploits the poor, such as surrogate mothers in India? Why or why not?

(2) Due to the high cost of fertility treatments, doctors often place multiple eggs back into the womb. Is selective abortion moral? If parents decide to give birth to all of them, does society have an obligation to help families with multiples who are born premature with defects or who are mentally retarded? If so, how?

(3) Assess the ethical issues surrounding the medical challenges of supporting the life of extremely premature infants. Should extremely premature infants be saved at all costs? Who should make the decision for treatment when a baby is born extremely premature?

ii) Provide a minimum of three appropriate and scholarly sources for your paper

Solution Preview

A surrogate mother is "a woman who carries a child, usually for an infertile couple?There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. The traditional type of surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being (AI) artificially inseminated with the sperm of the intended father or sperm from a donor when the sperm count is low. In either case the surrogate's own egg will be used. Genetically the surrogate becomes the mother of the resulting child. In case of a sperm donor, cryopreserved sperm may be used. This process involves placing the sperm in liquid nitrogen and storing in an insemination facility. The sperm is thawed just prior to being used. For a better pregnancy rate the sperm collection is usually placed into the uterus or fallopian tube rather than into the cervix.

In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate mother has no genetic ties to the offspring. Eggs and sperm are extracted from the donors and in vitro fertilized and implanted into uterus of the surrogate. This is an expensive procedure. Again, the unused embryos may be frozen for further use if the first transfer does not result in pregnancy" (Storey, P. Grace).

(1) What ethical dilemmas ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the ethical implications of surrogacy in 727 words with four references.