Share
Explore BrainMass

Analyzing Epidemiological Data

Please help analyzing epidemiological data on a developed nation, a 'second world' country, and an underdeveloped third world country. Based on the review of global health disparities across inter/intra national countries, analyze data by the use of epidemiological analytical methods to infer the factors or causes for these public health disparities. Find epidemiological data such as fertility indicators (crude birth and death rates) and other health indicators and provide an analysis among the three countries.

Solution Preview

A) Developed nation-United States

Health care in the United States is provided by many distinct organizations. Health care facilities are largely owned and operated by private sector businesses. The U.S. Census Bureau reported that 49.9 million residents, 16.3% of the population, were uninsured in 2010 which was an increase from 49.0 million residents in 2009. According to the World Health Organization, the United States spent more on health care per capita ($8,362), and more on health care as percentage of its GDP (17.9%), than any other nation in 2010 the compared second world and third world country data are Bangladesh GDP (3.5%), and Russia (5.1%) (World Health Organization 2013).

Unfortunately United States ranks low when compared to, not second or third world countries, but other industrialized countries on several important health issues affecting mortality: low birth weight and infant mortality, HIV and AIDS, deaths resulting from drug overdoses, obesity and diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and many involve life style choices. Of all the causes of death in the United States of America, just two, heart disease and cancer, account for over half of all deaths in the U.S. In 2010 heart disease accounted for 597,689 deaths, and cancer 574,743 deaths (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2013).

The CDC estimates that more than one million people are living with HIV in the U.S. and one in five of those people living with HIV is unaware of their infection. In the United States gay men accounted for 61% of all new HIV infections in 2009. Injection drug users represented 9% of annual new HIV infections in 2009 and 17% of those living with HIV in 2008 (Prejean, Song, Hernandez, Ziebell, Green, et al. 2011).

B) Second world country- Russia

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia's healthcare system became less centralized and is currently divided into federal, regional, and municipal, administrative levels. Currently 30% of the population receive primary care through work related clinics and hospitals. For certain employment groups such as police, railroad workers, and high-level government officials, special health services do exist.

Unfortunately, since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the health of the Russian population has declined considerably as a result of social, economic, and lifestyle changes despite the fact that Russia has more physicians, hospitals, and health care workers than almost any other country in the world on a per capita basis (Galloway, Leonard, Osipova, Spencer, 2002). As of 2010, the average life expectancy in Russia was 63 years for males and 75 years for females (World Health Organization Europe 2013). The average Russian life expectancy of 69 years at birth is nearly 10 years shorter than the overall average figure for the European Union, or the United States. The life expectancy for males is lower than life expectancy ...

Solution Summary

The solution assists with analyzing epidemiolgoical data.

$2.19