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    Guth and Rico

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    This posting shows how the following poets organized their poems using the poetic devices that Guth and Rico refer to as context, polarities , climax and contrasting points of view. The poems are:
    1. a. ''The Genius '' written by Archibald Macleish (1892-1982)
    b. ''The Possessive '' by Sharon Olds ( born 1942)

    2 .Specify what connotations do metaphors have in the following poems.
    a. ''Hope '' is the thing with feathers written by Emily Dickinson ( 1830-1886)
    b. ''A Red , Red Rose '' by Robert Burns ( 1759- 1796)
    c. '' Anger '' by Linda Pastan ( born 1932)
    Explain how each of the poets used metaphor in the poems to illicit the reader to think of additional details.

    3. Write of the connotations '' words '' carry in the following poems: They indicate that poets choose the words they do for their emotional quality , tone, diction , circumlocution or onomatopoeia.Give examples of words which you believe the poets selected for their impact upon the reader. Justify your rationales with specific examples. Include your references. Here are the poems:
    a. ''London'' written by William Blake (1757-1827)
    b. '' Lost Tribe '' by Wole Soyinka ( born 1934)
    c. '' The End'' by Mark Strand ( born 1934)

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    Solution Preview

    In order explore connotations and metaphors within poetry, please refer to these ideas as stepping stones:

    "Hope is the thing with feathers" employs connotations associated with the emotional appeal of birds to incite feelings or faith or hope. Since birds signify freedom, please recognize the power of Dickinson's connotations and metaphors. Please carefully analyze Dickinson's line about how hope sings "the tune without the words." Hope, like a bird, lands and dwells in each person's soul. This metaphor offers optimism for the reader in the part,
    "That perches in the soul." Similarly, please analyze the line, "And never stops at all" and its reference to the eternal presence of faith and hope.

    Even though Dickinson presents metaphor to show positive connotations, please recognize how she also employs it to also evoke negative connotations as well. For instance, "And sore must be the storm that could abash the little bird that kept so many warm" refers to any loss of hope such as a tragedy. The connotation of "abash" describes pain. She also uses a "storm" to negatively denote tragedy, hurt, suffering, or loss of hope.

    Finally, metaphor operates with the use of never asked for a "crumb" in return to illustrate the associations of a meager amount, anything, etc. "Crumb" not only is appropriate for the bird metaphor, but it also shows how even a morsel of hope keeps life positive.

    Again, when looking at "O my Luve's like a red, red rose," the rose/flower metaphor also offers connotations of love and passion. The use of the color red further epitomizes love and passion, allowing Burns to express his firm convictions. Burns infuses the qualities of a rose and aligns them to his "love". Please notice how he correlates how she blushes like a rose, is a delicate as a flower, and even has thorns like a rose. Like flowers, he presents romantic love as "temporal." A Red, Red Rose" also utilizes similes as Burns compares his love with a blooming rose and then with a sweet melody.