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    Thank you for your help. The examples from Oliver Twist help for my comparisons and further understanding.

    Can you help with more specifics from Great Expectations though as far as quotes, specifics, detail?

    Looking for help as to how was 19th century healthcare reflected in Dicken's novel, Great Expectations?

    I am looking for detailed examples, comparisons, quotes from the book.

    Please let me know if more time is needed or if more credits.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 3, 2022, 11:15 pm ad1c9bdddf

    SOLUTION This solution is FREE courtesy of BrainMass!

    Dear Student,
    I went ahead and researched for you to locate a legitimate website of resources so you may be able to locate necessary information for this type of an assignment. I found this crucial website called, "The Victorian Web" where I found numerous pieces of valuable articles you can locate for understanding this novel in the context of Economics (as a broader view). I understand you're trying to narrow your topic down to Healthcare, but it didn't seem to appear as one of the main themes from all the research I've done within the last half hour's time. In fact, it stated that issues of healthcare appear more frequently in his "Bleak House" rather than "Great Expectations".

    In addition, I have uncovered the following facts about Dickens' "Great Expectations" in regards to the author's stylistic approach to the novel as well as the popular themes discussed~

    "Great Expectations is written in first person and uses language and grammar that has, since the publication of Great Expectations, fallen out of common use. The title Great Expectations refers to the 'Great Expectations' Pip has of London and of becoming a gentleman.[7] Great Expectations is a bildungsroman. A novel depicting growth and personal development, in this case, of Pip.

    "The main themes of Great Expectations are those of crime, social class and ambition. From an early age, Pip feels guilt. He is also afraid that someone will find out about the crime and arrest him. The theme of crime comes in even greater effect when Pip discovers that his benefactor is in fact a convict. Pip has an internal struggle with his conscience throughout the book. Great Expectations explores the different social classes of Victorian England. Throughout the book, Pip becomes involved with all of them, from criminals like Magwitch to the extremely rich like Miss Havisham. Pip has great ambition, as demonstrated constantly in the book. If Pip did not have ambition, he would have never gone to London, he would have stayed as a lowly blacksmith."

    When you thought of healthcare as a narrowed topic, you were probably thinking about social class and how each class was able to afford healthcare as well as how healthcare developed in Charles Dickens' time? However, you need to be certain that this was a highly discussed topic before going into depths analyzing this novel. I have double and triple checked that it's not one of the commonly discussed topics.

    As for the webpage you should consult for secondary sources, here's a listing of ALL the themes and their relative articles~

    ~Autobiographical Elements in Dickens's Great Expectations
    ~The Importance of Magwitch's Gaze in Great Expectations
    ~The Taint of the Past
    ~Marsh Gazing: Pip's Unhappy Reflections as an Apprentice
    ~"Reading" in the Novel: Misinterpretation of Plot and Crisis of Authorship in Great Expectations
    ~The Evils of Materialism in Idylls and Great Expectations
    ~Victorian Endings: New Life, Old Love in Charles Dickens Great Expectations
    ~Moving Up the Social Ladder: The Bottom Rung vs. The Top Rung
    ~Biddy Voices Pip's Repressed Conscience
    ~Pip's Undoing
    ~Loyalty in Great Expectations and "The Coming of Arthur"
    ~Angels in the House?: Victorian Women in Great Expectations
    ~Hard Knocks in Great Expectations
    ~Subversion of Gender Identity in Great Expectations
    ~Criminally Self-Conscious: Pip's "Great Expectations"
    ~City and Country in In Memoriam and Great Expectations
    ~"Intimidation and Embarrassment in Conversations of Dickens' novel"
    ~Dickens, The Westminster Review, and the Convict Question
    ~Courtroom Experience in Victorian England at the time of Great Expectations
    ~Guilt and Complicity in Great Expectations
    ~Setting and Social Entrapmant in Great Expectations
    ~Death in Phantastes and Great Expectations
    ~Pip Learns to Reject the Goddess of Getting On

    Further, you should probably look into the article on "Moving up the Social Ladder: The Bottom Rung vs. The Top Rung"; I'm sure there are some quotes you can find from this article related to Charles Dickens. This IS the webpage to consult~


    One example of understanding such a novel can be found from the follwoing example~

    "The important thing is that people like the Cheerybles and Pickwick represent a stage of capitalist development in which the capitalist is normally an active member of a fairly small firm ? that is also what Nicholas [in Nicholas Nickleby], Pip, and Arthur Clennam [in Little Dorrit] become ? a man whose work bears a relation to his income similar to that of professional people to theirs. Such people as this (together with the professionals) were the basis of the "respectable" middle classes that Dickens represented.

    The speculating mania of 1825-1826 and 1837 on the whole endorsed the morality behind this view of society, because they were followed by economic collapse, meaning loss and ruin for people like Mr. Nickleby. The railway boom of 1845-1846 meant ruin, too, for many, but it meant success for others, and by establishing the joint-stock company in a number of enormous undertakings pointed the way to the later developments of investing. By an Act of 1844 all joint-stock companies had to be registered. . . and the principle of limited liability was first recognized in the legislation of 1855-1856. The years between 1850 and 1866 were marked by a great increase in the number of small investors, and the later part of the period saw the growth of the system of finance companies. . . .

    'These changes are clearly reflected in Dickens's work. . . . In the earlier novels finance is very individualistic; from Dombey onwards, though the interest in money's personal power still continues, and is indeed a main theme of Great Expectations, money as a system is even more important. [pp. 164-166.]'

    House, Humphry. The Dickens World (1941), 2nd. ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1960.

    You should totally check out the above source for this upcoming literary analysis essay.

    I have just located one piece of a quote for you; here's another long one found in Ch.2 that had something to do with health or healthcare~

    "Some medical beast had revived Tar-water in those days as a fine medicine, and Mrs. Joe always kept a supply of it in the cupboard; having a belief in its virtues correspondent to its nastiness. At the best of times, so much of this elixir was administered to me as a choice restorative, that I was conscious of going about, smelling like a new fence. On this particular evening the urgency of my case demanded a pint of this mixture, which was poured down my throat, for my greater comfort, while Mrs. Joe held my head under her arm, as a boot would be held in a boot-jack. Joe got off with half a pint; but was made to swallow that (much to his disturbance, as he sat slowly munching and meditating before the fire), "because he had had a turn." Judging from myself, I should say he certainly had a turn afterwards, if he had had none before."

    If you still feel at this point that healthcare can be reflected throughout the novel, then what it is you need to do is actually going through each chapter in looking for paragraphs that have to do with words related to health or healthcare. I've already completed two examples for you.

    The attached file is just a secondary article for you explaining how Charles Dickens implied the issue of healthcare in his other novle, "Hard Times" instead of "Great Expectations".

    Last but not least, "development of the social class" would be the best choice for any discussion topic of Charles Dicken's novel. Here's why~

    I have also located another popular question commonly asked when reading Great Expectations~
    What role does social class play in Great Expectations? What lessons does Pip learn from his experience as a wealthy gentleman? How is the theme of social class central to the novel?

    One way to see Pip's development, and the development of many of the other characters in Great Expectations, is as an attempt to learn to value other human beings: Pip must learn to value Joe and Magwitch, Estella must learn to value Pip, and so on. Throughout the novel, social class provides an arbitrary, external standard of value by which the characters (particularly Pip) judge one another. Because social class is rigid and preexisting, it is an attractive standard for every character who lacks a clear conscience with which to make judgments?Mrs. Joe and Pumblechook, for instance. And because high social class is associated with romantic qualities such as luxury and education, it is an immediately attractive standard of value for Pip. After he is elevated to the status of gentleman, though, Pip begins to see social class for what it is: an unjust, capricious standard that is largely incompatible with his own morals. There is simply no reason why Bentley Drummle should be valued above Joe, and Pip senses that fact. The most important lesson Pip learns in the novel?and perhaps the most important theme in Great Expectations?is that no external standard of value can replace the judgments of one's own conscience. Characters such as Joe and Biddy know this instinctively; for Pip, it is a long, hard lesson, the learning of which makes up much of the book.

    ***Please use the above paragraph for reference in assisting you to understand the novel more effectively. I have also located some popularly used quotes (I had to use these when I took a Victorian Literature class) on this text for your reference to understanding the novel. However, to answer your question, healthcare is one of the least frequently appeared topics/themes in Dicken's novel, "Great Expectations" because it is not one of the popuarly discussed topics. Please consult previous pieces of information I have added here for you. You can find them from "Themes" as well as "List of Articles" which you can locate from that Victorian webpage I have directed you to visit. You need to use a couple of secondary sources for this type of assignment.

    I believe that I have done everything according to your request. I have waited for your replies from the two emails I sent. I did not get any responses from you, so I am assisting you without your further explanations, but again, I have included everything you needed which you weren't able to find on your own without coming to Brainmass for help.

    Please do consider changing a topic for your writing assignment if this is going to be used for a writing assignment because you will have a much easier time writing if it was about religion or just social class alone. You didn't read the responses to this posting, so you needed to go back and locate the couple of quotes I DID find. I found relevant articles for you as well.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

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