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When you research a topic on which you have to give a speech, it is likely that you find more information than you know what to do with. This solution offers strategies for selecting the information that is most appropriate for your speech.

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Solution Summary

This job highlights credibility aspects. The expert chooses the appropriate information to include in the speech.

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These days, it is becoming easier to obtain books, articles, web sites, and other sources of information about many topics. Finding a lot of information for your speech topic is great, but, more often than not, you can't use all of it in your speech. When deciding what to include in your speech and what to exclude, there are several things that you should keep in mind; four of these are your specific purpose, the audience, the speech occasion, and your own speaking abilities. Let's look at these one at a time:

1) Your specific purpose
In one or two sentences, what is your reason for giving the speech? In other words, what kind of effect do you want the speech to have on your audience? For example, say that you want to write a speech about recycling. Do you want to give the audience members a general, big-picture overview of what recycling is, in order to make them more knowledgeable on the topic? Or do you want to describe in detail all the materials that can be recycled, so that after hearing your speech, your audience will be prepared to recycle?

Once you know exactly what your specific purpose is, select only information that helps you address the specific purpose. Everything else will most likely be outside the scope of your speech. For example, if your specific purpose is to describe recyclable materials, you do not need to talk about recycling efforts in your school. You may want to include a line or two about recycling efforts in your speech introduction or conclusion, but you do not need to discuss them in detail in the main body of your speech.

2) The audience
Before you write a speech, you need to have a general understanding of your audience. This helps you determine how much your audience members already know about your topic, what ...

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