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# Nominal, Ordinal, Interval & Ratio Data & Variables

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Need a little help answering the following:

1. Please describe the four primary types of data in quantitative research: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio.
2. Please provide a quantitative research question (preferably a question dealing with education) and identify the "variables" included in the question and the "type of data" each variable would measure.

Please provide good online references to the provided solution. Thank you!

https://brainmass.com/education/sociology-of-education/nominal-ordinal-interval-ratio-data-variables-574137

#### Solution Preview

1. Please describe the four primary types of data in quantitative research: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio.

Nominal- this is the lowest level of data measurement. It puts objects into two or more categories based on classification and categorization. This might be public or private school, male or female.

Ordinal-This arranges date in order from highest to lowest, but without consistent differences between values. An example might be the socio-economic status of students.
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#### Solution Summary

This solution defines the four primary types of data in quantitative research: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio.
and provides a quantitative research question (dealing with education). It identifies the "variables" included in the question and the "type of data" each variable would measure.

\$2.19

## Dependent variable

Identify the level of dependent variable measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio) implied by the statement.

1. You asked congressmen if the money they have received from PACs is more than \$100,000, between \$50,000 and \$100,000, or less than \$50,000.

2. You asked congress about the primary source of their PAC money: Labor unions, corporations, medical associations, or civil rights groups.

3. You checked the congressional record to see how many times in the past year each congressman was absent from a roll call vote.

4. You asked people on the street to rate their own congressman on a 1 - 7 Likert scale.

5. You asked congressmen to indicate whether they are Republican, Democrat, or Independent.

6. You asked people on the street to rate their own congressman as very liberal, slightly liberal, moderate, slightly conservative or very conservative.

7. You asked each congressman how many years s/he had been in congress.

8. You asked congressmen: Of the following issues, rank order the top three in importance: gas prices, war in Iraq, war in Afghanistan, urban crime, domestic poverty, subprime mortgage crisis.

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