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Intellectual Disabilities and Skills in Teaching

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Consider the limitation in intellectually functioning and adaptive behavior often presented by students with intellectual disabilities. What skills should teachers primarily focus on when working with these particular groups? What environments or educational settings would optimize student learning? Cite at least two sources.

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Teachers need to focus on the strengths of the student. A good place to start is with using the Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory, which gives eight different areas that people can be stronger in. Often there are combinations of several strength areas, and several weaker areas.

Here is the descriptions of each from http://www.springhurst.org/articles/MItheory.htm
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence - consists of the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking.

Linguistic Intelligence - involves having a mastery of language. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively manipulate language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically. It also allows one to use language as a means to remember information.

Spatial Intelligence - gives one the ability to ...

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Students with Intellectual Disabilities

As a current or future leader in special education, identify an educational level of interest such as elementary, middle, or high school. (Please use middle school)

Explain how you would structure special education services for students with intellectual disabilities in literacy and mathematics to provide learning support within both special education and inclusive, general education classroom settings. Include the instructional qualities and approaches you would want your special education teachers to possess and why you think those are important qualities and approaches.

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