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Infant and toddler development

Present a comparative analysis of the two age groups you have you select:
(infants) and (toddlers)
o Clearly define and describe the stages of development the two.
o Support your visual presentation.
o Provide a detailed profile comparing the two age groups for each of the
developmental characteristics:

? Physical development
? Emotional development
? Cognitive development
? Intellectual development
? Language development
? Reading/Writing development
? Social development
? Interpersonal development

Solution Preview

The stages of child development in the infant and toddler years have been described in several different ways by various psychologists and child heath professionals. Here I will explain some of the most commonly described stages of development, along with references. Feel free to adapt this information in any way needed for your assignment.

Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003). Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved 5 October 2008 from

Piaget, J. (1983). "Piaget's theory". In P. Mussen (ed). Handbook of Child Psychology. 4th edition. Vol. 1. New York: Wiley.

Stevens, Richard. Erik Erikson: An Introduction. New York: St. Martin's, 1983.

"Child Development," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008 © 1997-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Piaget considered infants to be in the sensorimotor stage, and toddlers to be in the pre-operational stage. The sensorimotor stage is divided into six substages. The reflex scheme lasts for about one month, and is a stage based on reflexes. The primary circular reaction scheme, from about one to four months, is when these reflexes develop into habits. In the secondary circular reaction scheme, four to eight months, coordination between vision and movement develops. In the co-ordination of secondary course round modest circular reactions stage (eight months to one year), the key development is the understanding of object permanence.

The last two substages of the sensorimotor stage overlap into the toddler years. From twelve to eighteen months, the tertiary circular reactions phase is illustrated by early experimentation and creativity. From eighteen to ...

Solution Summary

This solution analyzes how two different age groups (infants and toddlers) develop in areas that include physical, emotional, and cognitive development.