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Aligning Standards with ELL proficiency

a) Arizona Department of Education/Standards and Assessment Division. (2008). Arizona academic standards. http://www.ade.state.az.us/standards/contentstandards.asp

b) Illlinois State Board of Education. (n.d.). English language proficiency standards. http://www.isbe.state.il.us/bilingual/htmls/elp_standards.htm

Visit the Web sites and electronic resources listed above, ii) Examine the format and alignment of the ELL proficiency standards.

iii) Examine the alignment with the language arts standards (reading and writing).

iv) Write a essay addressing the historical and political incentives for standards-based instruction.

(1) How can the Arizona or TESOL English learner standards be used as a guide for differentiating instruction for various levels of ELLs?

(2) How can data from various sources relating to the learners' progress be used as a tool to drive the standards-based instruction?

(3) How do the varieties of standards available to teachers provide a focus on high expectations and the motivation needed to tailor instruction to meet the needs of the learner?

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To approach responding to this assignment, first review both of the supplied Web sites, which compare Arizona's state teaching standards and Illinois' state standards relating to English language proficiency. The points specified in the essay that you will eventually write are what you are looking for: how can those standards (both sites) be used to differentiate instruction, how can data be used to drive instruction and how do the standards provide for high expectations and differentiation?

Second, review terms to be sure you understand the assignment. Differentiation is adjusting the instruction to meet the varied cognitive (mental processing level) needs of the various learners in the class, and although the word may be new, the concept is not. It is something good teachers have always done. Good teachers have always recognized that some students excel, and need additional activities in depth (acceleration), and some students lag behind, and need additional activities (remediation) to catch up. This is nothing new.

a) Arizona Department of Education/Standards and Assessment Division. (2008). Arizona academic standards. http://www.ade.state.az.us/standards/contentstandards.asp

b) Illlinois State Board of Education. (n.d.). English language proficiency standards. http://www.isbe.state.il.us/bilingual/htmls/elp_standards.htm

Visit the Web sites and electronic resources listed above, ii) Examine the format and alignment of the ELL proficiency standards.

iii) Examine the alignment with the language arts standards (reading and writing).

iv) Write an essay addressing the historical and political incentives for standards-based instruction.

(1) How can the Arizona or TESOL English learner standards be used as a guide for differentiating instruction for various levels of ELLs?

(2) How can data from various sources relating to the learners' progress be used as a tool to drive the standards-based instruction?

(3) How do the varieties of standards available to teachers provide a focus on high expectations and the motivation needed to tailor instruction to meet the needs of the learner?

v) Use standard essay format in APA style, including an introduction, conclusion, and title page. An abstract is required.

Third, review APA formatting protocol standards. There are several excellent Web sites which can help with this, and, of course, if Education will be your major, you might want to even purchase the APA Manual to help guide your work. It is not dreadfully expensive, and Amazon.com (and other book-selling sites) often have the 6th edition in used format for even less cost. Search the Web using the term APA formatting to find sites. One that I like is found at: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/. This is only one good site among many. APA specifies a title page format, but many colleges and universities specify a title page to suit their needs. Follow your class requirements for the title page, even if it is not strictly APA, and edit the suggested title page if your school specifies something different. To write an abstract, check out several references in the ERIC database. Those have abstracts you can look at to see how they are done.

Next, your instructions tell you to write an essay on the historical and political incentives for standards-based education. The philosophies of education which demand a return to the basics of a classical education are called Essentialists. Their philosophical camp believes that there are essential things that educated people should know. Being able to demonstrate knowledge of these essential things is the foundational principle of standards-based education, and the federal legislation No Child Left Behind. This information reference comes from: Gutek, G. L. (2004). Philosophical and ideological voices in education. Pearson Education, Inc: Boston, MA.

All that is left in the essay now is to address the three elements the instructions state should be in the essay (1, 2 and 3). If you have not written many essays, creating an outline will be the best way to be sure you stay on track and that your essay is logically organized. With practice, you will only need to create an outline when you are instructed to do so to prove that you know how. However, this essay already specifies what you should address in the assignment instructions, so we will skip this particular step.

Once the essay is written, you must proofread it to catch and correct errors in ...

Solution Summary

This posting gives a comparison of Illinois and Arizona standards as they relate to English proficiency. Model sample title page in APA format, and sample essay paragraphs References in APA format, 2735 words total.

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