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    Discuss: Online Learning Environment

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    Answer the following questions:

    1. Provide design principles when developing for an online learning environment.
    2. Critically assess what impact, if any, bandwidth may have when designing for online.
    3. Provide the impact of integrating multimedia components (e.g., images, graphics, video, audio, etc.) into an ESL online module.
    4. Provide other components (including interactivity, screen design, and match between objectives, instruction, and assessment) that could be affected or constrained by the online environment.

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    Solution Preview

    1. Design considerations for Online learning: (http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde13/articles/toporski.html)

    - Center learning around the student. In the traditional classroom, time and distance are limiting factors in the learning process. In the online classroom, learning activities are decentralized without time as a limitation.
    - Focus on the needs and strengths of students. As learning becomes more personalized, students will require the necessary skills and tools to engage and participate in this new kind of learning process.
    - Provide just-in-time and anywhere-anytime instruction. Online learning environments (OLE) break the distance and time barriers by providing learning experiences outside the classroom -- anywhere and anytime. Accordingly, teachers can adjust topic presentation and explanations “just-in-time,” when students need it the most.
    - Foster collaborative learning environments, Collaborative networks provide the sense of a “learning community.” Moreover, cooperative teams characteristically achieve at higher levels of thought and retain information longer than students who work individually.
    - Emphasize authentic learning experiences. Web-based OLE's can provide authentic frameworks that bridge computer and classroom instruction. Authentic learning contexts provide active and engaging experiences, where the computer can help mediate course activities and shape the learning process.

    Practical Tips:
    1. Make it Interactive.
    The responsibility is on the student to become an active participant rather than a passive recipient of learning. An interactive learning environment encourages discovery, experimentation, and experiential (hands-on and activity based) instruction that provides multiple representations of knowledge. Active learning is more effective than passive learning, showing how knowledge is interrelated and associated.

    2. Keep it Engaging and Motivating.
    Motivation can be affected by the task, learning environment, the teacher, and the student. Some ways that online learning can foster motivation and increase perceptual arousal ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution provides a detailed response which discusses the subject of online learning, detailing how to develop this type of environment, the impact of this design, the incorporation of multimedia components and other forms of components which may be involved. There is also a Word attachment which contains a chart pertaining to one of the questions being asked.