Various approaches to Curriculum Theories are explained. Kemmis' theory is examined in terms of its primary suppositions, strengths, etc.
Carr and Kemmis focus on Action Research and Social Movement Theories. Kemmis asserts that " Some hold that action research is the key to making research relevant to the concerns and needs of teachers and the education profession" (http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v1n1.html). Besides these researchers, you may also search for Kurt Lewin; he is usually asserted to be the "father" of action research.
Here is the citation from the previous posting:
Carr, W. and Kemmis, S. (1986) BECOMING CRITICAL: EDUCATION, KNOWLEDGE AND ACTION RESEARCH, Falmer, London.
What is it? Describe its primary suppositions, its strengths:
I've attached some research for you to peruse, dissect, and paraphrase into your paper. I've also attached the sources for your citations:
"Social research is always (in one way or another) connected to social action and social movement. It sees the connection between social research and social life as intrinsic to research as an activity, not extrinsic, or instrumental, or as a question of the enlightenment of individuals who will later set about changing the world - though these things may give clues to important aspects of a deep critical understanding and practice of action research" (http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v1n1.html)
It involves the notion that research should be carried out by the teachers themselves, not outside sources. A major strength is its ability to allow teachers to self reflect their own lessons and practices.
Kemmis and Carr's much quoted definition of action research has become the standard in many accounts of action research. They described action research as follows:
"a form of self-reflective inquiry undertaken by participants in social situations in order to improve the rationality and justice of their practices, their understanding of these practices and the situations in which these practices are carried out"(http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v1n1.html)
Although Kemmis is Australian, this idea developed in the UK by Stenhouse. Action research is positive because it is not textbook analysis but classroom and real life applicable. Teachers videotape their lessons and then study the tapes to assess their own work with the help of the researchers. Here are some general traits of this theory:
1) Research should be located in the reality of the particular school and the particular classroom.
2) The research roles of the teacher and of the project team member should complement each other.
3) The development and maintenance of ...
This posting examines the ramifications of Kemmis' theories.