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DIBELS: Analyzing Student Reading Profiles

Analyze the following case: A 4th grade student was given DIBELS assessment including ORF (oral reading fluency) and RTF (retell fluency); She got 89 (median) for ORF and 18 for RTF. Her ORF scores were 89, 89, and 70 and RTF scores were 18, 22, 19. She seemed to comprehend the passages better than reading aloud. She gets As in ALL subjects at school and she has no known learning disabilities. Her speech also has no problems.

1. What can you learn about the student that was tested in terms of reading?

2. What are the recommendations for instruction to target skill deficits?

Solution Preview

This is an interesting student profile because more commonly you come across a student who is able to read fluently but lacks in comprehension as measured by the retell portion of the DIBELS. The student may sound as if he or she is comprehending because the read aloud is fluent and contains appropriate inflection, pauses, etc. But, when asked to retell the student is unable to do so, or struggles with basic aspects of what they just read aloud.

In this situation we find a student who struggles somewhat with reading aloud (ORF), but demonstrates good comprehension (RTF). Depending on when the DIBELS was administered (beginning, middle, end of school year), the student is either considered 'at risk' or 'at some risk' in terms of ORF. Benchmarks for the RTF have not yet been established, but generally a student's RTF should be about 25% of their ORF score. In this scenario, the student's RTF is not quite 25% of her ...

Solution Summary

Provides an analysis of a specific student reading profile which includes DIBELS measures.