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Access control and background checks

1. What is the primary purpose of background investigations? How might protection officers be involved with background investigations? How do background investigations improve an organization's security? Explain.

2. What is access control? How does it fit in with an overall security plan? Who is responsible for planning and implementing access controls? How has technology improved access controls? What may be the next wave of access control technology?

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To be sure I address each question I have copied and pasted the questions here, and will address each in turn:

1. What is the primary purpose of background investigations?

The primary purpose of a background investigation (but not the ONLY purpose) is to eliminate from employment consideration any individual who has previously been engaged in illegal, unethical (even if not strictly illegal) or immoral behavior (among other considerations). Background investigations may be conducted for any other reason the individual or company contracting for the investigation deems worthy to justify the expense of the investigation, which can be considerable.

How might protection officers be involved with background investigations?

A background investigation involves gathering sensitive information about a person in several areas of their life: personal, family, business, financial, education/certifications and legal concerns - perhaps even medical (panic attacks or nervous breakdowns would be a problem for a potential air traffic controller or other stressful jobs, for instance). Since gathering this information will take some time and probably several persons, it is entirely conceivable that protection personnel (police officers, certainly, since they have access to such records) would be involved in this endeavor to both gather and present discovered information in the final background security report.

How do background ...

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