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    Language Abilites and Deficiencies

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    Write an essay of 1,250-1,500 words explaining and describing how language abilities and deficiencies impact literacy development for children birth to PK and K-3. Use real-world examples to illustrate your points.

    Research a minimum of four scholarly sources

    Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

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    As always, it is my pleasure to assist you today with some notes related to a few aspects of literacy development. By way of reminder, I am a professor in the state of Arizona.

    In considering how children learn language, it is important to remember that the roots of communication begin in infancy. In fact, it is well know that the acquisition of language is an accomplishment unique to early childhood. This can be represented in how children often master a first language by the time they are five years old, yet adults may take many years to master a second language. We now know that, by the age of 5, the typical child will have mastered the entire sound system of their native language, in addition to the grammatical context of both spoken and written language. They will also develop a vocabulary up to many thousands of words, all without being able to read or write (although children are learning to do that latter at an earlier age than ever thought possible before). Given this knowledge, it is important to understand how language abilities and deficiencies impact literacy development in young infants through five years of age. To do that, it is hopeful to consider some of the major milestones related to language development that most monolingual children develop in just the first 5 years of their life. In addition, it is important to consider the various environmental and social components that scholars often point out to explain how these achievements are made, or the deficiencies that are present when children seem to not develop as they should.

    To begin, it should be noted that, while normal children residing in a typical environment often acquire the language or multiple languages that they hear on a daily basis, the rate of development that children exhibit in this area does vary tremendously. As a result, even young children develop literacy skills at varying levels, even at a young age, because of the variances with the way they hear and interpret spoken language ...