Explore BrainMass
Share

curriculum development and change

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

Curriculum development is influenced by a number of societal and cultural factors. Research the factors that affect curriculum development and change. Based on your research, examine your organization, school district, or community. Select the primary factors that have influenced the design and development of your curriculum the most. Identify potential change models that will be effective. Explain why you selected these factors and what impact they have had.

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 5:07 am ad1c9bdddf
https://brainmass.com/education/accredidation/curriculum-development-and-change-407871

Solution Preview

The following are considered primary factors that are known to affect curriculum development and change:

A. Influential individuals- According to Lachiver& Tardif (2002),The first factor initiating change, they write,is strong leadership accepted by the academic staff. The key characteristic of such leadership is to have the capacity to attract other academic staff to rally behind principled educational objectives that are supported within the environment. The challenges, at exactly the time when all reason would suggest that they need to be building relationships with experienced academics. A reminder of this imbalance is the steady stream of students who come asking for referees' reports in connection with, for example, study abroad applications or workplace-based studentships. The best that we can usually do for them is to write "supported" on the application and sign, since we do not have any personal knowledge of their aptitudes or abilities. Smaller classes would greatly improve the lot of the average student, and enable them to build a personal relationship with at least one staff member. That relationship might then help ease some of the performance anxieties felt by students, and the consequent temptation to submit work that is not their own. Indeed, one of the most telling observations made by our graduates is that in the time they were with us, they didn't really get to know any member of the academic staff. Conversely, a surprisingly high proportion of the students that do manage to build a relationship with a staff member will continue to higher degrees, and one wonders how many potential researchers are leaving university simply because they have not had a chance to appreciate its benefits. The use of seasonal staff also means that proposals for change must be filtered through the sanity check of "will the seasonal tutors be familiar with the material?"

Ten years ago when the University of Melbourne moved to teaching a functional language in first year, availability of suitably qualified seasonal staff was a major potential stumbling block, and a special training program was run. Cost pressures can influence issues other than staff ratios. For example, a department or school might not be able to afford a site license for some software that students should perhaps experience, and so teach it at arms length in lectures; similarly, a department might consistently allocate their oldest computing facilities for undergraduate use. This then might make it hard to run the most recent versions of software, or to assign project work of the desired complexity. Another way in which financial pressures show is in
the choice between three-year programs and four-year programs. Most of us believe that our four-year programs provide the higher-quality education. But four-year programs cost more, and so we supervise compromise programs in which students do not always have the opportunity to fully refine their skills before entering the workforce.

B. Financial pressures- Clearly there are powerful budgetary forces that influence our decisions. Team-oriented project subjects are arguably one of the most important parts of a computing education, particularly for those graduates who are to work in the software industry. But they are disproportionately expensive to mount, and so are sometimes quota-ed or otherwise controlled. Class sizes are a consequence of the financial stringencies we operate under. At our institutions, first year subjects are taken in lecture groups of several hundred students, and tutorials sessions are usually largely taught by seasonal staff. So students who are new to the University face daunting Surplus staff are a related issue. How many departments, we wonder, have continued teaching of outdated assembler languages ...

Solution Summary

Curriculum development and changes are articulated and validated with research.

$2.19
See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

questions regarding a curriculum development for a presentation

This is a masters study level.
I have been tasked with creating a presentation to give to an elderly community in a senior living center. the presentation is on the Healthy Heart. My first objective was to interview experts in the field of heart care and compile the data to find out what the community needs are related to this topic. I then have to identify a conceptual framework to use for the curriculum and determine how major concepts are threaded throughout the curriculum. My third objective is to develop a educational lesson plan on the healthy heart with learning objectives, outline, teaching strategy, powerpoint and speaker notes, and handouts. My last objective is to develop an evaluation tool to use with the audience at the end of the presentation. I am having trouble getting organized, confused by the conceptual model portion of this project and in desperate need of some simplistic instructions with guidance to follow so that I can complete this project. I also need (15) peer reviewed articles on best teaching methodologies for the community and 15 peer reviewed articles on the heart health. hope you can help.

View Full Posting Details