1. Why have so many American companies begun the move to team structures?
A team comprises any group of people or animals linked in a common purpose. A group in itself does not necessarily constitute a team.
A team represents a group of people as a single entity. Irrespective of the number of people, be it two or two hundred, it is referred as one entity. The team also serves an important function in that it helps the team member satisfy his social needs. Maslow has defined social needs as one of the most important needs which man looks to satisfy.
All teams are put together with the best intentions, yet not all teams are successful teams. This is because there are various reasons and and a lot of group dynamics working within teams.
Case of American companies
Currently many American-manufacturing companies became inefficient as compared to the Japanese peers. This is because of the lack of importance given by the American companies to the concept of quality and team structure. For example today Honda and Toyota are ...
This discusses the team structures in detail