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    Environmental science, the human population:Not all countries have moved through all four phases of the demographic transition. You are a consultant for a developing country that is not yet in phase IV of demographic transition.

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    In your own words, complete the following:
    - Define demographic transition.
    - Describe the 4 phases of demographic transition, including if the population is stable, growing, or declining in each. - According to demographers, what factors lead to a decline in the crude birth rates (CBR) and crude death rates (CDR) in the epidemiologic and fertility phases of the demographic transition?
    - Briefly describe three living conditions and/or environmental impacts in developed countries that have reached phase IV, and contrast them with these conditions or impacts in developing countries that remain in earlier phases.
    - Assuming that the demographic transition phase IV is a goal for developing countries, what two programs or initiatives would you suggest to assist them in progress toward this goal?

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    Solution Preview

    Define demographic transition.
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    Demographic transition is the concept that societies experience changes in population structure as they experience industrialization and economic growth (Kirk, 1996). It states that a country will go from a pre-modern regime of high fertility and mortality to a modern regime where both fertility and mortality remain low (Lee, 2003)
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    Describe the 4 phases of demographic transition, including if the population is stable, growing, or declining in each. According to demographers, what factors lead to a decline in the crude birth rates (CBR) and crude death rates (CDR) in the epidemiologic and fertility phases of the demographic transition?
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    The first stage of the demographic transition is when there is a high birth rates and high death rates. High birth rates are typically caused by lack of family planning and use of contraceptives, religious ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution describes the four phases of the demographic transition model. It provides a complete list of references for further investigation of the topic.

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