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    Food and Water Supplies

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    Develop a plan to assist a developing country with its food and water supply.

    - Choose a developing country, such as Cambodia, Haiti, Maldives, or Rwanda. For an extensive listing of developing countries, check the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) column on this page: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/35/9/2488552.pdf

    - Congratulations! You are in charge of the world (Miller, 2005). You have been asked to assist a developing country with its food and water supply. When devising your plan, you should list and weigh the pros and cons of at least three alternative methods for maximizing food production, decide on the one you think would be most successful, and explain your reasons for choosing it. Identify at least two ways this country is misusing its water supply, and propose ways for its people to better use the water available to them. Organize your plan in a presentation that you will submit to the current government of the developing country.

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    Solution Preview

    Certainly Haiti, which ranks as one of the poorest nations in the world, is in dire need of help. This article published in People Planet 1(4):20, 22, 24-7 in 1992 offers a bleak view of Haiti, which hasn't changed much. It may also provide you with some ideas for your essay.

    It is entitled "What hope for Haiti?" and was written by Di Blasi F. The abstract reads:

    "The population, environmental, and economic problems of Haiti must be solved through a national change in attitude, an emphasis on the individual value of children, a social concern for urgent action on sustainable development, and shared responsibility in the international community. The impact of colonialism was to lay waste to subsistence practices which were ecologically balanced. This first nation of self-liberated slaves has problems deeply rooted in the past, which have been worsened by the ruling elite's exploitation. There is extreme poverty, boat people, deforestation, environmental degradation, civil liberty abuses, and a struggle for democracy. Population growth as well as, indirectly, death, hunger, and disease, have contributed to the immigration of Haitians to the US, Canada, France, and neighboring islands. Fertility has been high for the past 20 years. The family planning challenges are discussed in light of the 10% acceptance rate and met demand. The host country's ability to cope with the burden of supplying employment, social services, and legal protection accounts for the reluctance to accept greater numbers of Haitians. Rural-to-urban migration has created nightmares within Haiti. Cite Soleil has a population density of 25,000 people/sq. kilometer, and more than 33% of rural areas is unfit for habitation. The urban slums offer a substandard quality of life due to infiltration of sea water into the soil which prohibits vegetative growth, due to sanitation deficits, and due to inadequate clean water supplies. The example of a small sugar merchant with an income of $40/month reflects the ability to survive but with no provision for empowerment or betterment for the future for the grandchildren in her care. Captain Jacques-Yves Cousteau attests to the difficulties and, maybe, impossibilities of turning around the process of ...