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The History and Future of HTML

What is the history of HTML?

Can you explain why early versions of HTML were so flexible?

What is the future of HTML?

What is the value of standardization and the move to XHTML?

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Hypertext has been around since the 1940s (Raggett, 1998), but it was not until the computer hit the market that it got attention. In the late 1980s, Apple introduced Hypercard -- which used plain English commands (Kahney, 2002) helping hypertext gain momentum. HyperText Transfer Protocol uses HyperText Markup Language... better yet, it's the http that calls the HTML.

Tim Berners-Lee used the idea of HTML as a foundation for getting information from the World Wide Web. He based HTML on the Standard Generalized Mark-up Language (SGML). SGML was an internationally accepted method of creating structured text using paragraphs, headings, list items, and other basic items. By using SGML as the basis for HTML made it very easy for others to adopt as well as accept. Berners-Lee added the A and HREF for creating hyperlinks (Raggett, 1998) making it the ideal language for the web. Using WWW-talk, an early electronic discussion group, a group of people interacted openly about enhancing HTML. This open source, community-type collaboration, coupled with HTMLs ease of use and simplicity allowed the language to adapt to changes and be called upon by any ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the history and future of HTML.