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    Cell Potentials and Balancing Redox Equations

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    Question 1.
    In addition to mass balance, oxidation-reduction reactions must be balanced such that the number of electrons lost in the oxidation equals the number of electrons gained in the reduction. This balancing can be done by two methods: the half-reaction method or the oxidation number method. The half-reaction method balances the electrons lost in the oxidation half-reaction with the electrons gained in the reduction half-reaction. In either method , , and may be added to complete the mass balance. Which substances are used depends on the reaction conditions.

    Acidic solution

    In acidic solution, the bromate ion can be used to react with a number of metal ions. One such reaction is

    Since this reaction takes place in acidic solution, and will be involved in the reaction. Places for these species are indicated by the blanks in the following restatement of the equation:

    BrO_3^- (aq)+ Sn^(2+) (aq)+ ____→Br^- (aq)+Sn^(4+)(aq) + ______

    Question 2.
    Calculate the standard cell potential at 25C for the following reaction:
    Mg(s) +Fe2+(aq) -> Mg2+(aq) + Fe(s)
    when H=-617 kJ and S= -301J/K.

    E = ________V

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    Solution Summary

    This solution explains how to balance a redox reaction in acidic medium and how to solve for a cell potential based on enthalpy and entropy.