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    Chemistry: Reaction between Sodium Bicarbonate and Citric Acid

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    Question: The fizz produced when an Alka Seltzer© tablet is dissolved in water is due to the reaction between sodium bicarbonate and citric acid, according to the following equation:
    3NaHCO3(aq) + H3C6H5O7(aq) -> 3CO2(g) + 3H2O(l) + Na3C6H5O7(aq)

    In a certain experiment, 1.00 g of sodium bicarbonate and 1.00 g citric acid are allowed to react.
    - Which is the limiting reactant?
    - How many grams of carbon dioxide are formed?
    = How many grams of excess reagent remain after the limiting reactant is completely consumed?

    Please provide a detailed explanation. I am very confused with this question and do not understand the material very well.

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    Solution Summary

    This solution shows how to find the limiting reactant and the amount of product (and excess reagent) formed for a given chemical reaction.