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Organic Structures: Reactions and Nomenclature

Write the structural formula for the compounds cited below. Be sure to include all carbon and hydrogen!

(a) Ethylpropyl ether (b) 2 ethyl 2,4,4-trimethylpentanoic acid (c) methyl pentanoate

(d) hexachlorobenzene (e) 2,4,6-trichloro-3,5-dimethylphenol (f) Propylamine

Esterification is the reaction of a carboxylic acid and alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst to produce an ester. Volatile esters often have a pleasant smell and are found in perfumes, essential oils, and pheromones, and give many fruits their scent.

(a) Draw the alcohol and the carboxylic acid from which the following ester can be made:

(b) Give the IUPAC name for the alcohol used in part (6a). __________________________

(c) Give the IUPAC name for the carboxylic acid used in part (6a). ___________________

(d) Draw the ester that is formed from the following reaction:

Give the IUPAC name for the ester formed in part (6d). ___________________________

Which of the reactants used in part (6d) has the higher boiling point, the alcohol or the carboxylic acid?

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The solution examines organic structures, reactions and nomenclature.

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