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Solubility of Alcohols

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Explain why alcohols such as ethanol and propanol are soluble in water, butanol is moderately soluble and pentanol is slightly soluble. Why? What role does hydrogen bonding and non-polar forces play in these solubilities?

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The lower alcohols are readily soluble in water but the solubility decreses with the rise in the molecular weight. The higher alcohols are usually waxy solids insoluble ...

Solution Summary

The lower alcohols are readily soluble in water but the solubility decreases with the rise in the molecular weight. The higher alcohols are usually waxy solids insoluble in water.

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