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    Cellulose Chemistry

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    Assuming cellulose with the chemical formula C6H10O5.......what happens if:

    1) the cellulose is subjected to concentrated H2SO4 (sulfuruc acid) ---- how is the cellulose molecule/structure modified? and what are the reaction by-products.

    2) similarly, what happens if cellulose is reacted with maleic anhydride C4H2O3? Again, how is the cellulose molecule/structure altered and what are the reaction by-products?

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    https://brainmass.com/chemistry/organic-chemistry-bonding/cellulose-chemistry-403204

    Solution Preview

    I hope this helps. The references should provide further reading.

    Brainmass Posting 403204
    Cellulose macromolecules are composed of D-glucose units linked together by β-1,4 glycosidic linkages in linear, unbranched chains. Reaction of purified cellulose with concentrated sulfuric acid can lead to hydrolysis and (under certain conditions) sulfation -
    Hydrolysis

    *http://www.turon.com/papers/ethanol.htm
    The reaction itself is heterogeneous and influenced by physical factors including the nature of the cellulose stock in addition to the reaction conditions i.e. temperature, acid conc.). The mechanism ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution provides a detailed explanation of the given organic chemistry problems.

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