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Fractional distillation of petroleum

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Explain what happens in the fractional distillation of petroleum?

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Solution Summary

Fractional distillation of petroleum is explained. The industrial uses are listed as well as commercial.

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Fractional distillation is used to separate mixtures of miscible liquids. The process depends on the components of the mixture having different boiling points. The liquid is heated so that it turns into a gas. The vapours pass up a fractionating column where they are gradually cooled. As each of the components of the mixture cools to its boiling point, it turns back into a liquid. The different components of the mixture condense at different levels in the fractionating column and thus may be ...

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