What is the significance of reflux ratio in fractional distillation? Also what exactly does the formula, Ya/Yb = Pa/Pb = PaNa/PbNb, mean in terms of fractional distillation?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 16, 2018, 8:25 pm ad1c9bdddf
Please see the attached file for the complete solution.
Thanks for using BrainMass.
The following definition for reflux ratio is from http://www.solvent--recycling.com/reflux%20ratio.html
"The Reflux ratio is the ratio between the boil up rate and the take-off rate. Or in other words, it is the ratio between the amount of reflux that goes back down the distillation column and the ...
A definition of reflux ratio is shown, as well as the significance of certain equations associated with fractional distillation.
McCabe-Thiele Method: Calculation of Theoretical Plates
The solution is detailed and well presented.
A saturated liquid mixture containing 60 mole % benzene and 40 mole % toluene is to be distilled continuously into a distillate product containing 90 mole % benzene and the bottom product containing 5 mole % benzene. The fractional distillation column will operate at approximately constant pressure of 1 atm. The reflux ratio is 2. How many theoretical plates must the column have if the feed is introduced into the eighth plate? Equilibrium data are:
x 0 0.017 0.075 0.13 0.211 0.288 0.37 0.411 0.581 0.78 1
y 0 0.039 0.161 0.261 0.393 0.496 0.591 0.632 0.777 0.9 1