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    Finding the Oxidation States of Elements

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    Please describe how to find the oxidation states of various elements.
    Describe the octet rule and the difference between metals and non-metals, with regard to their oxidation states.

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    Solution Preview

    See the attached file.

    Oxidation States

    Introduction:
    Elements react with each other to change the number of valence electrons that they have. Elements react differently depending on the number of valence electrons in the element.

    Octet Rule:
    For the most part, elements want to have 8 valence electrons. This rule is known as the octet rule. The noble gases are unreactive because all of them have 8 valence electrons and the elements are stable.

    There are a few exceptions to the octet rule. Hydrogen and helium want to have 2 valence electrons. Also, boron is stable with 6 valence ...

    Solution Summary

    This 407 word solution provides a detailed explanation regarding finding the oxidation states of various elements. Included is an explanation of the octet rule, the difference between metals and non-metals regarding their oxidation states, and an introduction and summary of the material for ease of understanding.

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