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Write the correct chemical formula for each of the following compounds.

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Part A
Complete the following nomenclature exercise. Provide the names of compounds from formulas or provide the formula from the name. In addition, list whether the compound is covalent or ionic.

Write the correct chemical formula for each of the following compounds.

1. Potassium bromide

2. Lithium carbonate

3. Magnesium nitrate

4. Phosphoric Acid

5. Sodium oxide

6. Carbon tetrachloride

7. Beryllium chloride

8. Aluminum bromide

9. Phosphorous trichloride

10. Ethanol

11. Iron III Oxide

12. Potassium chloride

13. Magnesium oxide

14. Sodium hydroxide

15. Strontium nitrate

16. ammonium phosphide

Write the correct name for each of the following compounds:

17. NaCl

18. KF

19. Li2(CO3)

20. CaSO4

21. AlBr3

22. CuCl2

23. NH3

24. NH4Cl

25. Al2(SO4)3

26. SO3

27. NH4NO3

28. H2SO4

Part B
Find a snack food. Determine the grams of fat, protein, and carbohydrate in one serving. Determine the number of "food calories" (Cal) per gram of fat, protein, and carbohydrate. Which of these biomolecules has the highest number of Cal/gram?

Now based on this information, which is the best energy storage form for the body?

1Cal = 1000 cal 1 cal = 4.184 J. How many Joules are there in one serving of your snack?

Water has a specific heat of 4.184 J/g ºC. How many grams of water can be warmed 1 ºC by a serving of your food?

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Solution Preview

Part A
1. KBr
2. Li2(CO3)
3. Mg(NO3)2
4. H3PO4
5. Na2O
6. CCl4
7. BeCl2
8. AlBr3
9. PCl3
10. C2H6O
11. Fe2(O3)
12. KCl
13. MgO
14. NaOH
15. Sr(NO3)2
16. (NH4)3(P)
17. Sodium Chloride
18. Potassium Flouride
19. Lithium Carbonate
20. Calcium ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides the names of compounds from formulas and vice versa.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Chemistry language

Can you please assist me with these problems?

1.Write the correct formula for each of the following

manganese (II) iodine

2. Write the correct formula for each of the following ions

flourate

3. Name the following compounds:
a) BaHPO3

b) AgIO

4. Balance the following equations:
i)PbCl2+AgNO3 → AgCl+Pb(NO3)2

ii) AlCl3+NH4OH → Al(OH)3+NH4Cl

iii) FeCl3+CA(OH)2 → CaCl2+Fe(OH)3

iv) Pb(ClO3)2+K2SO4 → PbSO4+KClO3

v) Na+HOH → NaOH+H2

vi) Zn+HCl → ZnCl2+H2

vii) Al+AgCH3COO → Al(CH3COO)3+Ag

viii) MgO+HNO3 → Mg(NO3)2+H2O

ix) MnO2 → Mn3O4+O2

5. Why is it incorrect to alter the chemical formula when balancing a chemical equation?

6. Write and balance equations for the following reactions:
a) zinc sulphate + barium nitrate →

b) gold (III) sulphate + barium chloride →

c) zinc + mercurous nitrate →

d)tin + antimony(V) chloride →

e)calcium + water →

f)ferrous bromide + phosphoric acid →

g)the complete combustion of ethane, C2H4 →

h)calcium carbonate + hydrobromic acid →

7. a) How many grams of sulphuric acid will neutralize 10.0g of sodium hydroxide?

b)What volume of water vapour at 100oC and 110 kPa would also be introduced?

8.Calculate the mass of potassium chlorate needed to prepare 5.00L of oxygen gas at 24.0oC and 0.950 atm. (When using atmospheres, the gas constant, R=0.0821L ∙ atm ∙ mol-7 ∙ K-1).

The equation is KClO3 → KCl + 3O2.
2

9.Consider the following reaction, which takes place in an autoclave at 250oC and 800 atm.

NH3(g) + 7O2(g) → NO2(g) + 3H2O(g)
4 2

Into the reaction vessel has been placed 200L of NH3(g) and 120L of O2(g). The reaction is allowed to go to completion. Determine the quantity, in moles, of the gas that remains unreacted.

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