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Separation Of An Acid And A Neutral Substance

Two questions need to be answered by using the attached document.
#1. What is a good hypothesis?
#2. How did you come to that conclusion about your hypothesis?

This exercise demonstrates how solvent extraction techniques can be applied effectively to
problems that require the separation of mixtures of organic acids, bases, and neutral compounds. The separation of compounds is a problem frequently encountered in both research and industrial laboratories. The solubility characteristics of organic acids and bases in water are dependent on the pH of the solution. The extraction procedure employed for the separation of a mixture of an acid and a neutral substance takes advantage of pH dependent differences in solubility these compounds.
The components of the mixture to be separated in this experiment are an acid: benzoic acid, o-toluic acid, or p-toluic acid; and a neutral compound: 9-fluorenone, benzoin, or phenanthrene. These will be figured out my determining the melting points after the isolation.

Solution Preview

Your hypothesis should be that you should be able to separate the acidic organic compound out of the mixture ...

Solution Summary

This solution gives suggests how to create a hypothesis on separating the acidic organic compound and also explains a reaction mechanism.