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Behavior Modification Concepts

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Discuss in detail concepts and theory behind behavior modification and explain how reinforcement and punishment can be used to shape behavior?

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Behavior Modification

The theory

Behavior modification may be explained through the so-called social learning theory. This is the view that we can learn through both observation and direct experience (Robbins, 1998). Through observation or experience, an individual may decide if he must continue or stop a particular behaviour. This theory assumes that behaviour is a function of consequences and that it acknowledges the existence of observational learning and the importance of perception in learning. Robbins stated further that the influence of models is central to the social-learning viewpoint. Under reinforcement ...

Solution Summary

This report includes a discussion of shaping behavior and the theory that served as the foundation. Three strategies may be utilized to shape an individual behavior - positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. Positive reinforcement may encourage continuance of a behavior displayed by an employee. Both negative reinforcement and punishment may signal that a behavior must be discontinued. Shaping an individual behavior may be explained through the so-called social learning theory which assumes that people can learn through observation and direct experience.

Similar Posting

Motivational Theory Concept.

Prepare an essay focusing on a selected motivational theory/concept related to our course. The first part of this essay should focus on describing, explaining, and analyzing your theory/concept. The second part of your essay should focus on applying this theory to your workplace (using very specific examples) and then critiquing the theory you've chosen (based both on your analysis/application of the theory and what other researchers/scholars have said about it). Before reading on, consider these four verbs again: describe, explain, analyze, apply, and critique. They are substantively different, and I want you to be sure that you address each of them individually in your essay.

Remember, anyone can copy complex information or an explanation (e.g., particle physics, thermodynamics, or quantum mechanics) and simply paste it into an essay, and the same is true for motivational theory. However, simply copying and pasting text from a website into an essay doesn't mean you understand it. You must demonstrate in your writing that you do in fact comprehend the theory/concept you've chosen. You've got to convince me that you know what you're talking about. So while you'll be using information from other sources, your essay MUST also demonstrate evidence of critical thinking. Your concept or theory is most likely linked with a primary theorist (perhaps more than one), so be sure to include the names and contributions of those most closely associated with your theory. How you structure your essay is up to you, but it must have a recognizable logical structure and appropriate transitions. Here are a few possible topics for you to consider:

Goal-Setting theory
Behavioral Modification (e.g., operant and classical conditioning)
Humanistic Motivational Theory
Cognitive Theory of Motivation
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Drive Reduction Theory
Herzberg's Two-Factory Theory
Theory X and Theory Y
ERG Theory
Expectancy Theory
Intrinsic/Extrinsic Motivation
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Reactance Theory
Attribution Theory
Social Learning Theory
There are lots of additional concepts related to motivation and motivational theory for you to choose from. Be sure to "do a little shopping" before you pick one to make sure that your chosen theory/concepts allows you to meet the assignment's requirements.

A word about scope: Some of these theories are more specific and focused than others. Nevertheless, you are expected to engage your chosen theory to a substantive degree of detail. If you simply "regurgitate" information without actively interacting with it, you will most likely be disappointed with the outcome. Rather, your essay should demonstrate that you understand the material and that you have intellectually engaged with it. In other words, your essay should represent the product or outcome of your thinking; it should not be a chronicle of the evolution of your thinking process itself.

Details: Please follow APA format; incorporate at least four sources (properly cited and formatted); use transitions between paragraphs; include an abstract; check for spelling and grammar errors. Consider your audience to be college educated adults who are somewhat familiar with the topic of motivational theory. Please format your essay and cite your sources using proper APA citation guidelines

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