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Project Management

Eight questions to answer in a form of an essay with references.

As the CIO of your company, address the bullets below as it pertains to your company's design and activities.
Describe the five project management process groups, the typical level of activity for each, and the interactions among them.

Understand how the project management process groups relate to the project management knowledge areas.

Explain the scope planning process and describe the contents of a scope management plan.

Describe the process for developing a project scope statement using the project charter and preliminary scope statement.

Discuss the scope definition process and work involved in constructing a work breakdown structure using the analogy, top-down, bottom-up, and mind mapping approaches.

Explain the importance of scope verification and how it relates to scope definition and control.

Understand the importance of scope control and approaches for preventing scope-related problems in information technology projects.

Describe how software can assist in project scope management.

Solution Preview

The response addresses the queries posted in 1690 words with references.

//As per the directions, in this paper we will discuss about the project management process groups, interactions among them and their mapping to project management knowledge areas. The paper further provides an explanation of scope planning process, scope management plan, project scope statement, scope definition process, and various approaches to work breakdown structure. Then, we will discuss the scope verification and control and also describe the approaches for preventing scope-related problems in IT projects. In the end, we will describe how software can assist in project scope management.//

Project Management Process Groups

A process can be defined as a sequence of steps, which are taken to produce an outcome. Project management process groups include initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing processes. Every project phase includes all these five processes. Definition and authorization of a project or a project phase is done in the initiating process. Planning processes consist of the formulation and maintenance of an executable plan, which is aligned to the requirements of the organization. Co-ordination of available resources, with the purpose of executing different schemes, aimed at producing the desired project results, and comes under executing processes. Monitoring and controlling processes were aimed at measuring the current progress, comparing it with the initial plan, and making changes wherever required. Closing processes include formally closing the project in an efficient manner (Schwalbe, 2009). All the process groups are closely linked with each other, since output of one process is input for the next process. Therefore, proper alignment of all the processes is essential for a project to be successful. To ensure the successful completion of a project, the interactions should be applied in the process groups (Dinsmore & Brewin, 2010).

Relation between Process Groups and the Knowledge Areas

All the important activities of each process group are related to nine project management knowledge areas. The activities like project charter development, project planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, controlling integrated change, and project closing are related to project integration management. Collection of requirements, defining the scope, creating WBS, verifying and controlling scope is related to project scope management. Definition and scheduling of activities, assessment of resources and durations, and controlling the schedule can be mapped to project time management. Assessing, determining, and controlling costs are related to project cost management. Planning, assuring, and controlling qualities are related to project quality management. Human resource plan development, managing and acquiring resources, developing and managing a project team come under project human resource management. Project communication ...

Solution Summary

The response addresses the queries posted in 1690 words with references.