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Layers and functions of organizational culture

Discuss the layers and functions of organizational culture and the types of organizational culture and their associated characteristics

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Discuss the layers and functions of organizational culture and the types of organizational culture and their associated characteristics.

The organizational culture has, apparently as many definitions as the managers attempting to define this construct. Probably the utmost overarching issue concerning the definition of an organizational culture centers around whether culture is a merely one aspect of the organization; in simpler terms, is culture what the organization is or is it something the organization has? The preponderance of opinion seems to fall on the side of culture being something that most organizations have.
The three layers of organizational culture are:
Observable artifacts- This is the observable level of culture, and consists of behavior patterns and outward manifestations of culture: perquisites provided to executives, dress codes, level of technology utilized (and where it is utilized), and the physical layout of work spaces. All may be visible indicators of culture, but difficult to interpret.
Espoused values- It represents conscious strategies, goals and philosophies. It begins by considering the construct of organizational values and the advantages and assumptions involved in using content-analysis of organizational documents to measure espoused values.
Basic underlying assumptions- It is the core, or essence, of culture is represented by the basic underlying assumptions and values, which are difficult to discern because they exist at a largely unconscious level. Yet they provide the key to understanding why things happen the way they do. These basic assumptions form ...

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