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Coalitions in Organizational Culture & Politics

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Describe the dominant coalition of an organization. Is the size and composition of this group appropriate to its decision-making role, given the complexity of that organizationâ??s internal structure and external environment?

Choose two influential members of an organization. Use the three variables (uncertainty, centrality, and substitutability) to characterize their power and influence in the organization.

Is organizational culture a controlling force in the organization you know well? How?

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Dear Student,
Hello & thank you once again for using Brainmass. Since you did not indicate a particular organization as a subject in which the questions you listed were to be used for analysis, I have made the assumption that what you want/need is a sample organization so as to see/explain/answer the questions you listed. The solution below should get you started. I chose a political organization because it is a familiar and would allow you to expand the information provided on your own. The references should help in that too. Good luck!

OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Dominant Coalition

In organizations, factions where people align together due to shared interests usually dictate or have a sizable say in decision-making and outcomes. Factions are informal and unorganized but as is usually the case in political parties, factions, because of shared history, philosophies, perspectives, bond, professional & personal relationships and comradeship between allied members, are enduring and last longer than political terms. Factions build over time wherein 'an inner circle' of its oldest members is established and is usually difficult to penetrate for newcomers to the faction who will still have to prove themselves to the 'old establishment'. But factions work and membership in it is as much a political strategy as political conviction. Now coalitions is an alliance of independent politicians/individuals and factions/groups who set aside their differences to achieve a particular shared goal. Coalitions are interest-based and participation in a coalition is usually negotiated and is informal and temporary for the purpose of convenience. Formal coalitions are known as covenants wherein those who participate formally acknowledge each other, their expectancies and their roles. Now, in a political party there could be a few coalitions. Consider the last Presidential elections. Within the Democrat Party during the primaries the Clinton coalition seemed more dominant than the then Kennedy coalition (led by the late Senator Ted Kennedy) in that it had more supporting members within the party. But as time progressed and the nominations and the primaries began, Kennedy backed nominee then Senator Barack Obama emerged more popular his opponent Presidential bid hopeful then Senator Hillary Clinton. Slowly unaligned Democrat party members and factions found themselves supporting Obama increasing the ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a 1,334-word paper that explores the concept of coalitions in an organizational setting. To do so, the solution explores dominant coalitions in both the Democratic and Republican political parties of the US. Coalitions in relation to organizational culture is also discussed. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing. references are listed for expansion.