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Projects and Project Management

1. What are some of the characteristics that differentiate projects from other functions carried out in the daily operations of an organization? List some examples of work considered to be a project and work not considered to be a project.

2. Why is the traditional project management approach less effective when project scope is not clearly understood? Provide examples to illustrate your points.

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Projects vs Non-projects:

Robbins and Coulter (2004) define project as a one-time-only set of activities that has a definite beginning and ending point in time. In a typical project, the activities are performed by a project team, assigned with specific tasks and areas in the project, and report to the head called a project manager. After the project is accomplished, the project team disbands and may move to other projects, or go back to their permanent or usual areas of assignment.

An example of a project was a Joint Research Project done by three private universities in a city. The members are faculty representatives from each university and the project team manager was ...

Solution Summary

Projects and project management is examined. The characteristics that differentiate projects from other functions carried out in the daily operations of an organization is determined.

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