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Identify the Definition of Cross-Cultural Competence.

For this assignment you will need to read the following article:

Cross-Cultural Competence in International Business: Toward a Definition and a Model
Author(s): James P. Johnson, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Salvador Apud
Source: Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Jul., 2006), pp. 525-543
Published by: Palgrave Macmillan Journals
Stable URL: .

After you have read the article, complete the following:

Identify the definition of cross-cultural competence proposed by the authors as it applies to international business. Evaluate their proposed model for understanding how cross-cultural competence is nurtured in individuals, and explain how they link their definition to the concept of cultural intelligence. After evaluating the model, present justifications or rebuttals for its applicability to managing human resources, including identification of its strengths and weaknesses. Your investigation should include a thorough review of the subject in the University of Liverpool's online library and also consider applicability across cultures as well as within a multicultural workplace.

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Cross cultural competence:

James Johnson, Tomasz Lenartowicz and Salvador Apud (2006, pp. 530) in this article define cross cultural competence, as it applies to international business, as individuals' effectiveness or the result of behavioral adaptation that individuals undertake drawing upon a set of skills, knowledge and personal attributes so as to successfully interact and work with people from different cultural backgrounds, whether the interaction takes place in alien cultures during international business or in the home environment of the person. This definition unlike earlier definitions from other scholars uses the skills knowledge and attributes that the individual possesses to develop cross cultural competence rather than using them in their own right. It also stresses on using and applying the knowledge, skills and attributes to building cross cultural competence rather than just possessing those three dimensions of cross cultural competence.

Evaluating Johnson, Lenartowicz and Apud's proposed model for understanding how cross cultural competence is nurtured in individuals:

In Johnson, Lenartowicz and Apud's model for understanding how cross cultural competence is nurtured in individuals, they showed that personal attributes such as values, beliefs, self efficacy, perseverance and many more, personal skills such as abilities in foreign language competence, conflict resolution, adapting to different cultural behavioral norms, effective stress management, aptitude and many more, and cultural knowledge such as knowledge of culture or language, rules of interaction, social structure of cultures, institutions, economic and political systems, cultural value system, attributional knowledge among others, are the main builders and elements of nurturing cross cultural competence in individuals. In ...

Solution Summary

The expert identifies the definition of cross-cultural competence.