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Leadership and management development

Discuss an organizational decision problem and explain how to make a decision using the Normative Decision Model.

Describe five potential solutions to corruption.

Discuss athe leadership styles of former Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Regan describing how they are different and the positive and negative ramifications of each style.

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Discuss an organizational decision problem and explain how to make a decision using the Normative Decision Model.
One organizational decision problem is that of restructuring of the organization and making it flat. This leads to several problems. The line managers feel that their authority and position are lost, and workers are reluctant to join team where cross functional work needs to be done.

The normative decision making theory says that individual decision are more time-effective than group decision. In addition, subordinates feel more committed to a decision if they participate in its formulations and complex and ambiguous tasks require more information and consultation for reaching high-quality decisions. Normative decision is related to identifying the best decisions
assuming that the decision maker is fully informed, is rational and is able to calculate accurately to make better decisions.

In the organizational decision problem explained above, if the need for and the benefits of a flatter organization are placed before all employees, and the employees are asked to formulate a plan for the transformation of the organization, and that plan is implemented, the subordinates (employees) will be more committed to the decision since they have participated in its formulation. The organization change will have much greater chances of being successful.

Describe five potential solutions to corruption.

The first solution to corruption is to refuse to pay bribes. Second, companies should have strong anti-corruption ...

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