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Seniority in Labor Negotiations

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State the five reasons why seniority has received increasing attention in labor negotiations over the past few decades, and identify the advantages of the three major systems used where an employee acquires and applies seniority credits.

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Some of the reasons why seniority has received an increased attention in labor negotiations are:

1. Economic Realities and Lay-off procedures: In the public sector and Civil Service, seniority has great importance when the economic realities have determined that a reduction in force is necessary to maintain public service operations and programs. During the economic downturn in 2008, most labor organizations opted to extend contracts rather than re-negotiating a new one to mitigate the risk of losing previously negotiated benefits. As part of labor negotiations, lay-off was most likely a standing item and the way public organizations applied seniority to perform lay-off procedures was very ...

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This solution discusses some of the reasons why seniority has received an increased attention in labor negotiations.

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Labor Management Relations

Part 1:
When management and labor reaches an impasse, they have three options for third-party resolution (mediation, arbitration, and fact-finding). Describe each option as well as when it is best for each to be used. Under what conditions or circumstances it would be best to use each option?

Part 2:
If labor and management cannot reach an agreement, then they may use the following tactics: strike, lockout, boycotts, work slowdown, and corporate campaigns. Describe each tactic. Which one do you think would be most successful today and why?

Part 3:
Labor and management negotiate and bargain over four of the following issues. Describe each of these issues (what management's responsibility is to achieve and what labor's responsibility is to achieve).
Wage issues (e.g., pay, cost of living, overtime)
Economic issues (e.g., pension, retirement, vacation, holidays, health insurance, severance pay)
Institutional issues (e.g., union security and rights)
Administration issues (e.g., seniority, discipline, employee safety, production standards, technology changes)

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