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    Wal-Mart: Women's Pay

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    For this assignment (see attachment), you will build on your assignment from last week and further explore how you might examine your research problem using a qualitative methodology.

    Walmart's Policy on Women's Pay
    "In Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, 131 S. Ct. 2531 (2011), the Supreme Court held that a proposed class of over a million women that had alleged pay and promotion discrimination against the nation's largest retailer could not be certified" (Seiner, 2014). According to the Court of law, the applicants had unsuccessfully proven a common thread in the case satisfactory to link their statements.
    For this research a problem will be annotated, and the purpose of the research effort will be stated. We will identify and discuss a design that is associated with qualitative methodology that we would consider to answer the research questions and based on the analysis, and explain if we feel the use of a qualitative methodology and the chosen design is best suited to address the research problem and answer our questions.
    "Since President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act in 1963, there should be equal pay for equal work women in all American organizations" (Gunderson, 2013). "There should also be equal pay for women who do the same work as men at Wal-Mart" (Eisenberg, 2012). "However, women are being paid less than their male counterparts at Wal-Mart" (Green, T. (2014). It deprives them of remuneration that is rightfully theirs. "There is evidence that Wal-Mart is still disallowing women from some jobs and is denying women equal pay for equal work" (Seiner, 2014).
    The purpose of the study is to find out if there is equal pay for women at Wal-Mart. The study will identify positions in which women do the same jobs as men but get less than their male counterparts. The study will consider the full range of payments and benefits, including basic pay, non-salary payments, bonuses, and allowances. The legal position is that with Equal Pay Act and Title VII an employer cannot deny women equal pay for equal work, deny women transfers, promotions, or wage increases, manipulate job evaluations to relegate women's pay or intentionally segregate men and women into jobs according to their gender.
    The research question that would be appropriate for a qualitative study are (1) Are women paid the same basic pay as their male counterparts for the same jobs at Wal-Mart? (2) Are women paid the same non-salary payments, bonuses, and allowances as their male counterparts for the same jobs at Wal-Mart? (3) Are women given the same benefits as their male counterparts for the same jobs at Wal-Mart? These three research questions are aligned with the purpose statement and address the research problem.

    Respond to the following questions:
    • How might fieldwork and observation be used to answer your research questions? What role would field notes play in this process? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using observation?
    • How might interviewing be used to answer your research questions? Would you use face-to-face interviews or electronic interviews? Why or why not? Would you interview participants individually or in a group? Why or why not? What are the advantages and disadvantages to using interviews to collect your data?
    • Discuss ethical issues to consider with these qualitative data collection methods.
    • It is also important to consider how you might code the potential data you collect. Krathwohl (2009) lists 14 steps to consider in coding and analysis. Reflect how each step would apply/be used in the hypothetical research scenario you have been considering.

    Be sure to use scholarly sources to support all assertions and research decisions. Ensure it is supported by at least 3 to 5 scholarly resources within the past 5 years to ensure relevancy. Also keep in mind that your problem statement should reflect a PhD degree.

    Length: 5 to 7 pages

    Using current APA standards.

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    Solution Preview

    In compliance with BrainMass rules this is not a hand in ready paper or assignment but is only guidance.

    Fieldwork and observation:
    The fieldwork and observation that can be used to answer my research questions are as follows. The key fieldwork is the focus group and the observations are made on the video recording of focus group. There will be ten predetermined questions that will be provided to the moderator. These questions will be: 1. Are women paid the same basic pay as men? 2. What is the difference in gender pay differences at the basic pay level? 3. In which jobs is there highest differences in gender pay at Wal-Mart? 4. What are the differences in non salary payments that women receive when compared to what women receive. 5. What are the differences in bonuses received by women in same jobs as men when compared with what men receive? 6. What are the differences in allowances received by women and men in same positions at Wal-Mart? 7. What are differences in promotions received by women when compared with men at Wal-Mart? 8. What are differences in performance evaluation of women when compared with men at Wal-Mart? 9. What discriminations are practiced against women at Wal-Mart? 10. What are the differences between benefits received by women when compared with men in similar positions at Wal-Mart?
    Field notes will play an important role in the study. The transcriptions will be typed verbatim, time stamps will be used to identify phrases that are not clearly audible. The field notes will identify speakers. Codes will be used to maintain the confidentiality of the participants. The details will be carefully noted. The field notes will be important because they will identify the issues. The issues will be ordered in accordance with their importance. The presence or absence of certain issues will be identified (1). The field notes will show the time spent on each issue. Further, the field notes will also note the intensity of expression observed during the discussion on the issue. Further, the field notes will identify issues in which the participants are using reason and giving substantiations for their point of view. At the same time issues that evoke a high degree of emotion will also be identified. The issues raised which are met with doubt or disbelief will also be identified. The field notes will also help identify issues ...

    Solution Summary

    The answer to this problem explains Wal-Mart's policy on women's pay. The references related to the answer are also included.