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    Abercrombie & Fitch versus Hennes & Mauritz (AB & HM) Ratios

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    Intro to Financial Accounting

    Abercrombie and Fitch versus Hennes &Mauritz


    Abercrombie & Fitch Co. (A&F) was incorporated in 1996. The company is a specialty retailer that operates stores selling casual sportswear apparel, personal care products, and accessories for men, women, and children.

    As of January 29, 2011, A&F operated 1,069 stores in North America, Europe and Japan. Its brands include Abercrombie & Fitch, Abercrombie kids, Hollister and Gilly Hicks (Reuters).

    Below are some links for additional information.




    H&M Hennes & Mauritz designs cheap yet chic clothing, mainly for men and women ages 18 to 45, children's apparel, and its own brands of cosmetics. Fast-growing H&M operates about 2,000 stores in some 35 countries and has direct sales operations in selected areas (Hoovers).

    Below are some links for additional information.




    Go to each company's website and review the most recent financial statements for each company and answer the following questions.

    What accounting standards are used?
    What auditing standards are used?
    Analyze and comment on the differences in the annual statements found on the companies' websites. Provide a few specific differences.
    How comparable are these financial statements?

    Prepare a table for a period of three years showing some key financial information for the two companies. Include at least four items from the balance sheet, four items from the income statement, and four items from the statement of cash flow. Having reviewed and analyzed the financial information, please elaborate on the following three questions.

    Which one of the two companies is the most profitable?
    Do also compare growth of revenues versus income over time and between the two companies
    How can you explain the difference in profitability between the two companies?
    Indicate in detail the information you used to answer the above questions.

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    Solution Preview

    What accounting standards are used?

    A&F: follows U.S. GAAP
    H&M: follows IFRS

    What auditing standards are used?

    A&F and H&M are audited and so they don't use auditing standards. Their auditors use auditing standards in reviewing their financial statements and disclosures and rendering the audit opinion of the fairness of these financial reports. You can find out what the auditors used by reading their opinion. Both auditors follow U.S. PCOAB auditing standards (public company oversight auditing board).

    Analyze and comment on the differences in the annual statements found on the companies' websites. Provide a few specific differences.

    A&F is clearly reporting as a compliance task while H&M appear to be using the mandatory reporting as an opportunity to add to their corporate and product reputation. A&F did not create a separate annual report. They have posted their Form 10-K filed in compliance with the SEC specific format as their "annual report." H&M has created a "glossy cover" report with photos of attractive products and with the financial statements ...

    Solution Summary

    One or two paragraphs for each question.