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*Please describe how to solve the answers.
Near the end of 2009, the management of Pak Corp., a merchandising company, prepared the following estimated balance sheet for Dec 31, 2009.
To prepare a master budget for January, February, and March of 2010, management gathers the following information.
A) Pak Corp.'s single product is purchased for $30 per unit and resold for $45 per unit. The expected inventory level of 10,000 units on Dec 31, 2009, is more than managements ' desired level for 2010, which is 25% of the next month's expected sales (in units). Expected sales are: January, 12,000 units; February, 16,000 units; March, 20,000 units; and April, 18,000 units.
B) Cash sales and credit sales represent 25% and 75%, respectively, of total sales. Of the credit sales, 60% is collected in the first month after the month of sale and 40% in the second month after the month of sale. For the $470,000 accounts receivable balance at December 31, 2009, $330,000 is collected in January 2010 and the remaining $140,000 is collected in February 2010.
C) Merchandise purchases are paid for as follows: 20% in the first month after the month of purchase and 80% in the second month after the month of purchase. For the $395,000 accounts payable balance at December 31,2009, $207,000 is paid in January 2010 and the remaining $188,000 is paid in February.
D) Sales commissions equal to 20% of sales are paid each month. Sales salaries (excluding commissions) are $180,000 per year.
E) General and administrative salaries are $540,000 per year. Maintenance expense equals $6,000 per month and is paid in cash.
F) Equipment reported in the December 31,2009, balance sheet was purchased in January 2009. It is being depreciated over 8 years under the straight-line method with no salvage value. The following amounts for new equipment purchases are planned in coming quarter: January, $72,000; February, $96,000; and March, $28,800. This equipment will be depreciated using the straight-line method over 8 years with no salvage value. A full month 's depreciation is taken for the month in which equipment is purchased.
G) The company plans to acquire land at the end of March at a cost of $150,000, Which will be paid with cash on the last day of month.
H) Pak Corp. has a working arrangement with its bank to obtain additional loans as needed. The interest rate us 12% per year, and interest is paid at each month-end based on the beginning balance. Pak has agreed to maintain a minimum ending cash balance of $36,000 in each month.
I) The income tax rate for the company is 30%. Income taxes on the first quarter's income will not be paid until April.
Prepare a master budget for each of the first three months of 2010; include the following component budgets ( show supporting calculations as needed, and round amounts to the nearest dollar):
1. Monthly sales budgets (showing both budgeted units sales and dollar sales)
2. Monthly merchandise purchases budgets.
3. Monthly selling expense budgets.
4. Monthly general and administrative expense budgets.
5. Monthly capital expenditures budgets.
6. Monthly cash budgets.
7. Budgeted income statement for the entire first quarter (not for each month)
8. Budgeted balance sheet as of March 31, 2010.
The solution is provided in a separate excel file attached.
I am providing herewith the complete outline of the Master Budget comprising of operational budgets and various schedules and workings ...
Cash sales and credit sales for master budgets are examined.