Mogel Enterprises, a chocolate distribution company, prepares its master budget on a monthly and quarterly basis.
For the months of January, February and March , you are to compute the:
(1) Actual Sales in December were $60,000
(2) Sales for January, February, March and April are:
(3) Sales are collected at a rate of 30% for cash, and 70% on credit. All payments on credit sales are collected in the month following the sale. $42,000 is the balance in accounts receivable at December 31, 2005. The beginning cash balance is $10,000 with no loans outstanding.
4) Beginning inventory at January 1, 2006 is $12,600.
(5) The companies gross profit rate is 40%
(6) Monthly expenses are budgeted as follows:
(7) In January, the company expects to purchase equipment of $11,000 and in February they expect to purchase equipment of $3,000 and $4,000 in March.
(8) At the end of each month, inventory on hand should equal 30% of the following month's sales needs, stated at cost.
(9) December cash purchases for inventory were $36,600 . We pay for inventory ½ in the current month and ½ in the month following. (therefore we will pay $18,300 in January for December purchases.)
(10) The company is required by its loan covenants to maintain a cash balance of $10,000. Further, it has an open line of credit with the bank. To reduce banking transaction cost, borrowing must be done at the beginning of a month and all repayments must be made at the end of a month. Finally, loans and repayments of principal must be in multiples of $1,000. Interest is paid only at the time of repayment of principal. The annual interest rate is 6%.
Please, see the attached Excel file for all the computations. You can see the formulas ...
The solution computes a master budget for Mogel Enterprises.