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    Master budget

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    Tappet Corporation is preparing its master budget fo the quarter ending March 31. It sells a single product for $25 a unit. Budgeted sales are 40% cash and 60% on credit. All credit sales are collected in the month following the sales. Budgeted sales for the next four months follow:

    Jan Feb Mar Apr
    Sales in units 1,200 1,000 1,600 1,400

    At Dec 31, the balance in accounts receivable is $10,000, which represent the uncollected portion of December sales. The company desires merchandise inventory equal to 30% of the next month's sales in units. The December 31 balance of merchandise inventory is 340 units, and inventory cost is $10 per unit. 40% of the purchases are paid in the month of purchases are paid in the month of purchase and 60% are paid in the following month. At Dec 31, the balance of Accounts Payable is $8,000, which represents the unpaid portion of December's purchases. Operating expenses are paid in the month incurred and consist of:

    Sales commissions (10% of sales)
    Freigh (2% of sales)
    Office salaries ($2,400 per month)
    Rent ($4,800 per month)

    Depreciation expense is $4,000 per month. The income tax rate is 40%, and income taxes will be paid on April 1. Aminimum cash balance of$10,000 is required, and the cash balance at Decmber 31 is $10,200. Loans are obtained at the end of a month in which a cash shortage occurs. Interest is 1% per month, based on the beginning of the month loan balance, and must be paid each month. Iff an excess of cash exists, loan repayments are made at the end of the month. At December 31, the loan balance is $0.

    Prepare a master budget (round all dollar amounts to the nearest whole dollar) for each of the months of January, February, aand March that includes the:

    sales budget
    Table of cash receipts
    Merchandise purchases budget
    Table of cash disbursements for merchandise purchases
    Table of cash disbursements for selling and administrative expenses
    Cash budget, including information on the loan balance
    Budgeted income statement

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    Solution Summary

    The solution explains how to prepare the various components of a master budget