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    Leadership: Motivation & Communication

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    1. Maslow's needs-hierarchy is still relevant in the 21st century. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Illustrate your answer with relevant examples.

    2. List and briefly describe the nine ways of acting to improve motivation in organizations.

    3. Explain the theories of motivation from the perspective of which theory is best for motivating employees in a public organization (your choice). This measurement should demonstrate your ability to illustrate a realistic link between leadership theories and motivational approaches.

    4. What steps can be taken to improve the quality of communication in organizations?

    5. Discuss how technology has affected communication in public organizations. Please provide examples to justify answer.

    6. Explain cultural competency and generational diversity from the perspective of leadership.

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    Maslow's needs-hierarchy is still relevant in the 21st century. I agree with this statement. In the 21st century the most common reason employees leave their jobs is because they are paid low salaries. This does not satisfy their "physiological" needs. The second in Maslow's hierarchy is safety needs. Issues such as stability of job, benefits relating to health, no harassment, and safety at work are the most important issues. Level three is belonging or love: examples are work culture, work life balance, and manager(1). Level four is esteem: examples are rewards, recognition, respectful work relations. Level five is self actualization: examples are career advancement, work challenges, and corporate social responsibility.

    Nine ways of motivating employees in organizations are paying people their worth, creating a pleasant work place, offering opportunities for self-development, fostering collaboration among teams, encouraging happiness, not punishing failure, setting clear goals, not micromanaging, and avoiding unproductive meetings. These are nine strong ways of motivating team members and encouraging them to give their best on the job(2). These nine ways use motivation theories to encourage employees to give their best. For example, underpaying is the easiest way to lose the best performing people. Another example is that of a pleasant work place. If the employees feel good they are motivated to work. Opportunities for self-development, collaboration, and happiness, not only motivate employees but also improve their productivity.

    The public organization selected by me is the Department of Justice. It has more than 110,000 employees and is responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the US. Apart from ...

    Solution Summary

    The response provides you a structured explanation of leadership, motivational theories, and organizational communication. It also gives you the relevant references.