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Critical and Creative Thinking Research: The Lives of Great Leaders

For each of the following people:
Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, TS Eliot, Martha Graham, Mahatma Gandhi
I need information on each of the following topics:
- Education
- Family life
- Relationships
- Personality

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Sigmund Freud :

Received his medical degree in 1881 from the University of Vienna.

Family life
His marriage in the year 1882 produced six children

He was greatly influenced by his friend and colleague Josef Breuer. They together published their theories and findings on hysterical patients, titled ' Studies in Hysteria ( 1895). Most of his contemporaries, including Breur felt that he overplayed his emphasis on sexuality.

Freud published in 1900, ' The Interpretation of Dreams'. He followed it in 1901 with 'The Psychopathology of Everyday Life' and in 1905 with 'Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality'.

Albert Einstein

Luitpold Gymnasium, Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule (Swiss Federal Polytechnic School) .Doctorate in physics from the university of Zurich

Family life
He grew up in a secular middle class Jewish family. His father was a salesman and an engineer.
With a small but steady income, Einstein married Maric on Jan. 6, 1903. In May, 1904 they had their first son, Hans Albert. Their second son, Eduard, were born in 1910.

He became lifelong friends with the Winteler family, at Zurich. Einstein would recall that his years in Zurich were some of the happiest of his life. He met many students who would become loyal friends, such as Marcel Grossmann, a mathematician, and Michele Besso, with whom he enjoyed lengthy conversations about space and time. He also met his future wife, Mileva Maric, a fellow physics student from Serbia.

He enjoyed classical music and played the violin. However, he felt alienated and struggled with the rigid Prussian education he received . He also experienced a speech difficulty, a slow cadence in his speaking where he'd pause to consider what to say next. Einstein would write about two events that had a marked effect on his childhood. One was an encounter with a compass at age five, where he marveled at the invisible forces that turned the needle. The other was at age 12, when he discovered a book of geometry which he read over and over.

Pablo ...

Solution Summary

The article looks at the education, relationships, family life and personality of a few great leaders who lived in the past. The leaders are from varied fields such as music, dance, painting, poetry and so on.