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Ethics, Stakeholders and Environmental Impact

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I have two questions regarding the attached case study. I need some ideas to get started.

a. Who do you think the stakeholders are in this situation and what are the environmental impacts?
b. Of the various approaches to environmental ethics which approach sheds most light on the ethical issues raised by this case? Explain.

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Excellent questions!


Question: I have two questions regarding the attached case study.

a. Who do you think the stakeholders are in this situation and what are the environmental impacts?

The stakeholders in this situation seem to be all human beings and the environment, since the environmental impact is significantly increasing greenhouse effect impacting the entire planet and those that live on it, as the critics argue. However, the article also refers to the economic stakeholders or the car companies, China, Chinese workers, Middles East and other oil companies, to name a few. How can both the environment and the political and economic aims be met?

The environmental impact of the greenhouse effect will be caused by the added emission to the atmosphere from the great number of predicted vehicles in China. For example, "[c]ritics pointed out that if China were to eventually have as many cars on the road per person as Germany does, the world would contain twice as many cars as it currently does. No matter how "pollution free" the new car design was, the cumulative environmental effects of that many more automobiles in the world would be formidable. Even clean cars would have to generate large amounts of carbon dioxide as they burned fuel, thus significantly worsening the greenhouse effect. Engineers pointed out that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to build a clean car for under $5000. Catalytic converters, which diminished pollution, alone cost over $200 per car to manufacture. In addition, China's oil refineries were designed to produce only gasoline with high levels of lead. Upgrading all its refineries so it could make low-lead gasoline would require an investment China seemed unwilling to make" (attached article).

Another environmental impact is depleting the world's fossil fuel resources. Should we continue to make gasoline powered vehicles, depleting fossil fuel resources while the technology exists to create zero-emission vehicles? ...

Solution Summary

In reference to the attached case study, the stakeholders are identified, as well as the environmental impacts.
The various approaches to environmental ethics are discussed in terms of which one (or more) approach best explains the ethical issues raised by this case.

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