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Equal Employment Opportunity Laws - Employee Protection

Explain from which types of discrimination Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws protect employees. Give an example showing a company that is or has displayed discriminatory practices. Answer is over 300 words long and includes a reference.

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The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a Federal agency responsibility for enforcing laws that protect employees from discriminatary employment actions on the basis of "protected class membership" defined as: age (over 40), disability (physical, mental or sensory), equal pay/compensation (for the same job classes regardless of protected class membership), genetic information, national origin, pregnancy, race/color, religion, retaliation (for notifying management or external governing agencies of unsafe or unethical actions within the workplace, ...

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Explanation of the types of discrimination prohibited under Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws and how employees are protected from such acts. An example is provided of religious discrimination, which occurred in a real-life case at Southwestern Bell/AT&T. Answer is over 300 words long and includes a reference.