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A & M Records vs Napster: Explain the Court's conclusion

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In A & M Records, Inc. v Napster, Inc., the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal determined that Napster, Inc.'s MusicShare software which allowed users to make MP3 music files stored on individual computer hard drives available for copying, search, and transfer by other Napster users, did not result in "fair use" of the copyrighted material. Explain the Court's conclusion in 200-300 words.

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Basically, the 'fair use' definition, when applied to copyrighted music was designed for someone who owned an original copy of an album (whether it was stored on a cd, cassette, vinyl, etc.). Cassette tapes had the ability of being copied, but cd's and DVD's truly pushed the envelope when it came to copying material. The accepted practice of being able to make a 'backup' of YOUR OWN files (again, from your original cd/tape) was how 'fair use' was ...

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"Napster's argument during the proceedings was that its software is merely a tool that allows internet users to..."

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