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Parameters of Ethical Decision Making

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Evaluate John Rawls' Theory of Justice as Fairness and other approaches to ethical decision making including Utilitarianism, Universalism, Rights, Justice and Ethical Virtue. Analyze the approach you feel works best in resolving ethical dilemmas. Once you have chosen an approach you feel is best, apply an ethical issue you have identified. Assess the resolution your ethical decision-making approach suggests for your issue.

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Parameters of Ethical Decision Making

John Rawls' Theory of Justice as Fairness
Under the Theory of justice as fairness, John Rawls argued that
( http://www.angelfire.com/md2/timewarp/rawls.html):
1. the logical ordering of principles of justice may guide how a society be structured, how should basic rights and duties be assigned to individuals, and how should social and economic advantages be distributed to all members of society;
2. there must be equal rights for all individuals;
3. the term 'justice as fairness' does not imply that justice and fairness are identical, but that the principles of justice are agreed to under fair conditions by individuals who are in a situation of equality;
4. the principles of justice apply equally to all individuals;
5. each individual should have an equal right to as much liberty as is compatible with the rights of others; and
6. any social or economic inequalities which occur between individuals should be designed to benefit every individual, and should belong to positions which are equally available to all individuals.

Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism states that the moral standard should be promotion of the best long term
interests of everyone concerned. This principle was further explained by an online source that the basis of judging a decision is when it produces the greatest ratio of good to evil for all concerned ( http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~dgs2/theories.pdf ).

Universalism
Under this principle, the bases of a decision are the universal morale codes. What is right or wrong is either ordained by God or by some moral law of the universe. An example that ...

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Parameters of ethical decision making is discussed.

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Ethical decision making in international business

As a project manager, Kelly is leading a team on an international business trip where she is scheduled to do a presentation on its project and to negotiate a deal. Just a few days before the trip, Kelly gets a call asking her whether she is willing to let a male member of her team do all the talking because the managers at the company with whom they were planning to do business felt more comfortable dealing with men. Kelly is told that she would still be in charge and that this would never happen again. If this deal works out, it would prove very profitable for the company as well as for Kelly's career. Kelly thinks about the situation in which she finds herself; she has worked very hard on this project and, if the deal is successful, she is bound to get a promotion. On the other hand, she feels discriminated against based on the fact that she is a woman. She has the choice of acting on her principles and calling off the deal, or going ahead with this modification on a 'one time basis' and getting a promotion. After contemplating on the issue for a while, she decides to go ahead with deal and lets someone do all the talking. When they get back she is promoted and everybody is happy. What do you think of Kelly's decision? Could this situation be prevented all together? If you were in a similar situation what would you choose to do and why?

1- discuss Kelly's options/alternatives
2- what are the ethical dilemmas Kelly would face under each scenario?
3- discuss whether or not Kelly made the right decision
4- develop a creative solution that allows Kelly to satisfy everyone involved, including herself. (egoism & utilitarian)

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