Evaluate John Rawls' Theory of Justice as Fairness and other approaches to ethical decision making including Utilitarianism, Universalism, Rights, Justice and Ethical Virtue. Analyze the approach you feel works best in resolving ethical dilemmas. Once you have chosen an approach you feel is best, apply an ethical issue you have identified. Assess the resolution your ethical decision-making approach suggests for your issue.
Parameters of Ethical Decision Making
John Rawls' Theory of Justice as Fairness
Under the Theory of justice as fairness, John Rawls argued that
1. the logical ordering of principles of justice may guide how a society be structured, how should basic rights and duties be assigned to individuals, and how should social and economic advantages be distributed to all members of society;
2. there must be equal rights for all individuals;
3. the term 'justice as fairness' does not imply that justice and fairness are identical, but that the principles of justice are agreed to under fair conditions by individuals who are in a situation of equality;
4. the principles of justice apply equally to all individuals;
5. each individual should have an equal right to as much liberty as is compatible with the rights of others; and
6. any social or economic inequalities which occur between individuals should be designed to benefit every individual, and should belong to positions which are equally available to all individuals.
Utilitarianism states that the moral standard should be promotion of the best long term
interests of everyone concerned. This principle was further explained by an online source that the basis of judging a decision is when it produces the greatest ratio of good to evil for all concerned ( http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~dgs2/theories.pdf ).
Under this principle, the bases of a decision are the universal morale codes. What is right or wrong is either ordained by God or by some moral law of the universe. An example that ...
Parameters of ethical decision making is discussed.