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# Balance Sheets of Assets and Liabilities

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Assume that Banc One receives a primary deposit of \$1 million. The bank must keep reserves of 20 percent against its deposits.

Prepare a simple balance sheet of assets and liabilities for Banc One immediately after the deposit is received.

Assets
Acct Name \$\$

Liabilities
Acct Name \$\$

#### Solution Preview

Dear Student:

In this problem we are creating a balance sheet for a new bank, Banc One.

Step 1. Banc One receives a primary deposit of \$1 million from a customer. This money is a cash asset for the customer and a liability for the bank in a ...

#### Solution Summary

This solution illustrates the balance sheet of a newly established bank, showing assets and liabilities of a bank, taking into account the required reserve requirement (20%) of the bank.

\$2.19

## Forecast an Income Statement, Balance Sheet, Cash Flows, Shares

Please see attachment for proper format, and provide examples of solving it.

1. Forecasting an Income Statement
Abercrombie & Fitch? reports the following income statements.
Income Statement, For Fiscal Years Ended (\$ thousands) 2008 2007
Net sales \$3,657,847 \$3,318,158
Cost of goods sold 1,238,480 1,109,152
Gross profit 2,419,367 2,209,006
Stores and distribution expense 1,386,846 1,187,071
Marketing, general and administrative expense 395,758 373,828
Other operating (income), net (11,734) (9,983)
Operating income 648,497 658,090
Interest income, net (18,808) (13,896)
Income before income taxes 667,305 671,986
Provision for income taxes 283,628 249,800
Net Income \$ 383,677 \$ 422,186

Forecast Abercrombie & Fitch's 2009 income statement assuming the following income statement relations. Assume no change for all other accounts not listed below. All percentages, other than sales growth and provision for income taxes, are based on percent of net sales. (Round your answers to the nearest whole number.)

Net sales growth 10.2%
Gross profit margin 66.1%
Stores and distribution expense/Net sales 37.9%
Marketing, general and administrative expense/Net sales 10.8%
Other operating (income), net/Net sales &#8722;0.3%
Provision for income taxes/Income before income taxes 42.5%

Forecasted Income Statement, For Fiscal Years Ended (\$ thousands) 2008 2009
Net sales \$3,657,847 \$

Cost of goods sold 1,238,480

Gross profit 2,419,367

Stores and distribution expense 1,386,846

Marketing, general and administrative expense 395,758

Other operating (income), net (11,734)

Operating income 648,497

Interest income, net (18,808)

Income before income taxes 667,305

Provision for income taxes 283,628

Net Income \$ 383,677

2. Analyzing, Forecasting, and Interpreting Both Income Statement and Balance Sheet
Following are the income statements and balance sheets of Best Buy Co., Inc.?
Balance Sheet (\$ millions, except share amounts) March 1, 2008 March 3, 2007
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents \$ 1,438 \$ 1,205
Short-term investments 64 2,588
Receivables 549 548
Merchandise inventories 4,608 4,028
Other current assets 583 712
Total current assets 7,242 9,081
Property and equipment* 5,608 4,904
Less accumulated depreciation 2,302 1,966
Net property and equipment 3,306 2,938
Other assets** 2,110 1,551
Total assets \$12,658 \$13,570
Liabilities and shareholders' equity
Accounts payable \$ 4,297 \$ 3,934
Unredeemed gift card liabilities 531 496
Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses? 1,348 1,322
Accrued income taxes 404 489
Short-term debt 156 41
Current portion of long-term debt 33 19
Total current liabilities 6,769 6,301
Long-term liabilities 838 443
Long-term debt 627 590
Minority interests 40 35
Shareholders' equity
Preferred stock, \$1.00 par value: Authorized?400,000
shares; Issued and outstanding?none __ __
Common stock, \$0.10 par value: Authorized?1.0 billion
shares; Issued and outstanding?410,578,000
and 480,655,000 shares, respectively 41 48
Retained earnings 3,833 5,507
Accumulated other comprehensive income 502 216
Total shareholders' equity 4,384 6,201
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity \$12,658 \$13,570
* Land, buildings, fixtures, equipment, leasehold improvements, and property under capital leases are combined.
** Goodwill, tradenames, equity and other investments, and other noncurrent assets are combined.
? Accrued liabilities and accrued compensation and related expenses are combined.
Income Statement, Fiscal Years Ended (\$ millions) 2008 2007
Revenue \$39,023 \$35,934
Cost of goods sold 29,477 27,165
Gross profit 9,546 8,769
Selling, general and administrative expenses 7,285 6,770
Operating income 2,261 1,999
Other income* 60 130
Earnings before income tax expense 2,321 2,129
Income tax expense 805 752
Net earnings \$ 1,516 \$ 1,377

* Other income combines investment income, interest expense, minority interest in earnings, and equity in loss of affiliates.

(a) Forecast Best Buy's 2009 income statement and balance sheet using the following relations; assume no change for all other accounts not listed below. Assume that all capital expenditures are purchases of property and equipment, and that depreciation is included as part of selling, general and administrative expenses (\$ millions). (Round your answers to the nearest whole number.)

Revenue growth 8.6%
Gross profit margin 24.5%
Selling, general and administrative expenses/Revenue 18.7%
Income tax expense/Earnings before income tax expense 34.7%

Receivables/Revenue 1.4%
Merchandise inventories/Revenue 11.8%
Accounts payable/Revenue 11.0%
Capital expenditures/Revenue 2.1%
Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses/Revenue 3.5%
Accrued income taxes/Income tax expense 50.2%
Dividends/Net earnings 13.5%
Depreciation expense/Prior year property and equipment, gross 11.8%
Portion of long-term debt due in 2010 \$16

Best Buy Forecasted Income Statement (\$ millions) 2008 2009
Revenue \$39,023 \$

Cost of goods sold 29,477

Gross profit 9,546

Selling, general and administrative expenses 7,285

Operating income 2,261

Other income* 60

Earnings before income tax expense 2,321

Income tax expense 805

Net earnings \$ 1,516 \$

Best Buy Forecasted Balance Sheet (\$ millions) 2008 2009
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents \$ 1,438 \$

Short-term investments 64

Receivables 549

Merchandise inventories 4,608

Other current assets 583

Total current assets 7,242

Property and equipment* 5,608

Less accumulated depreciation 2,302

Net property and equipment 3,306

Other assets** 2,110

Total assets \$12,658 \$

Liabilities and shareholders' equity
Accounts payable \$ 4,297 \$

Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses 1,348

Accrued income taxes 404

Short-term debt 156

Current portion of long-term debt 33

Total current liabilities 6,769

Long-term liabilities 838

Long-term debt 627

Minority interests 40

Shareholders' equity
Common stock 41

Retained earnings 3,833

Accumulated other comprehensive income 502

Total shareholders' equity 4,384

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity \$12,658 \$

3. Forecasting the Statement of Cash Flows
Refer to the Best Buy Co., Inc.?, financial information shown below. Prepare a forecast of its fiscal year 2009 statement of cash flows.
Balance Sheet (\$ millions, except share amounts) March 1, 2008 March 3, 2007
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents \$ 1,478 \$ 1,205
Short-term investments 64 2,588
Receivables 549 548
Merchandise inventories 4,708 4,028
Other current assets 583 712
Total current assets 7,382 9,081
Property and equipment* 5,644 4,904
Less accumulated depreciation 2,302 1,966
Net property and equipment 3,342 2,938
Other assets** 2,110 1,551
Total assets \$12,834 \$13,570
Liabilities and shareholders' equity
Accounts payable \$ 4,297 \$ 3,934
Unredeemed gift card liabilities 531 496
Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses? 1,348 1,322
Accrued income taxes 404 489
Short-term debt 156 41
Current portion of long-term debt 34 19
Total current liabilities 6,770 6,301
Long-term liabilities 838 443
Long-term debt 627 590
Minority interests 40 35
Shareholders' equity
Preferred stock, \$1.00 par value: Authorized?400,000
shares; Issued and outstanding?none __ __
Common stock, \$0.10 par value: Authorized?1.0 billion
shares; Issued and outstanding?410,578,000
and 480,655,000 shares, respectively 41 48
Retained earnings 4,008 5,507
Accumulated other comprehensive income 502 216
Total shareholders' equity 4,559 6,201
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity \$12,834 \$13,570

* Land, buildings, fixtures, equipment, leasehold improvements, and property under capital leases are combined.
** Goodwill, tradenames, equity and other investments, and other noncurrent assets are combined.
? Accrued liabilities and accrued compensation and related expenses are combined.
Income Statement, Fiscal Years Ended (\$ millions) 2008 2007
Revenue \$40,163 \$35,934
Cost of goods sold 30,477 27,165
Gross profit 9,686 8,769
Selling, general and administrative expenses 7,385 6,770
Operating income 2,301 1,999
Other income* 61 130
Earnings before income tax expense 2,362 2,129
Income tax expense 815 752
Net earnings \$ 1,547 \$ 1,377
* Other income combines investment income, interest expense, minority interest in earnings, and equity in loss of affiliates.
Revenue growth 11.8%
Gross profit margin 24.1%
Selling, general and administrative expenses/Revenue 18.4%
Income tax expense/Earnings before income tax expense 34.5%

Receivables/Revenue 1.4%
Merchandise inventories/Revenue 11.7%
Accounts payable/Revenue 10.7%
Capital expenditures/Revenue 2.0%
Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses/Revenue 3.4%
Accrued income taxes/Income tax expense 49.6%
Dividends/Net earnings 13.5%
Depreciation expense/Prior year property and equipment, gross 11.8%
Portion of long-term debt due in 2010 \$16

Best Buy Forecasted Income Statement (\$ millions) 2008 2009
Revenue \$40,163 \$44,902
Cost of goods sold 30,477 34,081
Gross profit 9,686 10,821
Selling, general and administrative expenses 7,385 8,262
Operating income 2,301 2,559
Other income* 61 61
Earnings before income tax expense 2,362 2,620
Income tax expense 815 904
Net earnings \$ 1,547 \$ 1,716

Best Buy Forecasted Balance Sheet (\$ millions) 2008 2009
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents \$ 1,478 \$ 2,802
Short-term investments 64 64
Receivables 549 629
Merchandise inventories 4,708 5,254
Other current assets 583 583
Total current assets 7,382 9,331
Property and equipment* 5,644 6,542
Less accumulated depreciation 2,302 2,962
Net property and equipment 3,342 3,580
Other assets** 2,110 2,110
Total assets \$12,834 \$15,020
Liabilities and shareholders' equity
Accounts payable \$ 4,297 \$ 4,805
Unredeemed gift card liabilities 531 531
Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses 1,348 1,527
Accrued income taxes 404 448
Short-term debt 156 156
Current portion of long-term debt 34 16
Total current liabilities 6,770 7,483
Long-term liabilities 838 838
Long-term debt 627 611
Minority interests 40 40
Shareholders' equity
Common stock 41 41
Retained earnings 4,008 5,498
Accumulated other comprehensive income 502 502
Total shareholders' equity 4,559 6,089
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity \$12,834 \$15,020

Best Buy Forecasted Statement of Cash Flows (\$ millions) 2009
Net earnings \$

Depreciation

Receivables

Merchandise inventories

Accounts payable

Accrued liabilities, accrued compensation and related expenses

Accrued income taxes

Net cash flow from operating activities

Capital expenditures

Net cash flow from investing activities

Long-term debt

Dividends

Net cash flow from financing activities

Net change in cash

Beginning cash

Ending cash \$

4. Analyzing, Forecasting, and Interpreting Income Statement and Balance Sheet
Following are the income statement and balance sheet of Whole Foods Market, Inc.?
Income Statement, For Years Ended (in \$ 000s) 2008 2007 2006
Sales \$7,953,912 \$6,591,773 \$5,607,376
Cost of goods sold and occupancy costs 5,247,207 4,295,170 3,647,734
Gross profit 2,706,705 2,296,603 1,959,642
Direct store expenses 2,107,940 1,711,229 1,421,968
General and administrative expenses 270,428 217,743 181,244
Pre-opening expenses 55,554 59,319 32,058
Relocation, store closures and lease termination costs 36,545 10,861 5,363
Operating income 236,238 297,451 319,009
Interest expense (40,616) (4,208) (32)
Investment and other income 6,237 11,324 20,736
Income before income taxes 201,859 304,567 339,713
Provision for income taxes 91,995 121,827 135,885
Net income \$ 109,864 \$ 182,740 \$ 203,828

Balance Sheet (in \$000s)* 2008 2007
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents \$ 30,534 \$ __
Restricted cash 647 2,310
Accounts receivable 115,424 105,209
Proceeds receivable for divestiture __ 165,054
Merchandise inventories 327,452 288,112
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 69,750 40,402
Deferred income taxes 76,229 66,899
Total current assets 620,036 667,986
Property and equipment 2,894,329 2,483,350
Accumulated depreciation (997,612) (816,791)
Property and equipment, net 1,896,717 1,666,559
Goodwill and intangible assets, net 738,258 766,533
Deferred income taxes 111,002 104,877
Other assets 10,853 7,173
Total assets \$3,376,866 \$3,213,128

(in \$000s)* 2008 2007
Liabilities and shareholders' equity
Current installments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations \$ 380 \$ 24,781
Accounts payable 183,134 225,728
Accrued payroll, bonus and other benefits due team members 196,233 181,290
Dividends payable __ 25,060
Other current liabilities 284,630 315,491
Total current liabilities 664,377 772,350
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, less current installments 928,990 736,087
Deferred lease liabilities and other long-term liabilities 282,945 245,887
Total liabilities 1,876,312 1,754,324
Shareholders' equity
Common stock, no par value, 300,000 shares authorized,
140,286 and 143,787 shares issued, 140,286 and 139,240 shares
outstanding in 2008 and 2007, respectively 1,066,980 1,232,845
Common stock in treasury, at cost __ (199,961)
Accumulated other comprehensive income 448 15,722
Retained earnings 433,126 410,198
Total shareholders' equity 1,500,554 1,458,804
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity \$3,376,866 \$3,213,128

* Gross property and equipment and its accumulated depreciation are inserted in the balance sheet; both are taken from footnotes to financial statements. Goodwill and other intangible assets are combined, as are deferred lease liabilities and other long-term liabilities.
(a) Forecast Whole Foods Market's 2009 income statement and balance sheet using the following relations; assume no change for all other accounts not listed below (\$ 000s). (Round your answers to the nearest whole number.)

Sales growth 20.7%
Gross profit margin 34.0%
Direct store expenses/Sales 26.5%
Pre-opening expenses/Sales 0.7%
Relocation, store closures and lease termination costs/Sales 0.5%
Depreciation/Prior year property and equipment, gross 9.8%
Amortization/Prior year goodwill and intangible assets 0.8%
Provision for income taxes/Income before income taxes 45.6%

Accounts receivable/Sales 1.5%
Merchandise inventories/Sales 4.1%
Capital expenditures/Sales 6.6%
Accounts payable/Sales 2.3%
Accrued payroll, bonus and other benefits due team members/Sales 2.47%
Dividends \$109,072
Installments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations, due in 2009 and 2010 \$0

Whole Foods Forecasted Income Statement (in \$ 000s) 2008 2009
Sales \$7,953,912 \$

Cost of goods sold and occupancy costs 5,247,207

Gross profit 2,706,705

Direct store expenses 2,107,940

Pre-opening expenses 55,554

Relocation, store closures and lease termination costs 36,545

Operating income 236,238

Interest expense (40,616)

Investment and other income 6,237

Income before income taxes 201,859

Provision for income taxes 91,995

Net income \$ 109,864 \$

Whole Foods Forecasted Balance Sheet (in \$000s) 2008 2009
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents \$ 30,534 \$

Restricted cash 647

Accounts receivable 115,424

Merchandise inventories 327,452

Prepaid expenses and other current assets 69,750

Deferred income taxes 76,229

Total current assets 620,036

Property and equipment 2,894,329

Accumulated depreciation (997,612)

Property and equipment, net 1,896,717

Goodwill and intangible assets, net 738,258

Deferred income taxes 111,002

Other assets 10,853

Total assets \$3,376,866 \$

Liabilities and shareholders' equity
Current installments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations \$ 380 \$

Accounts payable 183,134

Accrued payroll, bonus and other benefits due team members 196,233

Other current liabilities 284,630

Total current liabilities 664,377

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, less current installments 928,990

Deferred lease liabilities and other long-term liabilities 282,945

Total liabilities 1,876,312

Shareholders' equity
Common stock 1,066,980

Accumulated other comprehensive income 448

Retained earnings 433,126

Total shareholders' equity 1,500,554

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity \$3,376,866 \$

5. Estimating Share Value Using the DCF Model
Following are forecasts of Abercrombie & Fitch's? sales, net operating profit after tax (NOPAT), and net operating assets (NOA) as of January 31, 2008.

Reported
2008 Horizon Period Terminal
Period
(In millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012
Sales \$3,750 \$4,500 \$5,400 \$6,480 \$7,776 \$7,853
NOPAT 464 568 653 782 941 973
NOA 1,345 1,616 1,923 2,321 2,779 2,817

Answer the following requirements assuming a discount rate (WACC) of 13.3%, a terminal period growth rate of 1%, common shares outstanding of 86.2 million, and net nonoperating obligations (NNO) of \$(294) million (negative NNO reflects net nonoperating assets such as investments rather than net obligations).

(a) Estimate the value of a share of Abercrombie & Fitch common stock using the discounted cash flow (DCF) model as of January 31, 2008. (Round your answer to the nearest whole number except for the discount factors, shares outstanding, and the stock price per share. Round the discount factors to five decimal places, the shares outstanding to one decimal place, and and the stock price to two decimal places.)
Reported
2008 Horizon Period Terminal
Period
(In millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012
Increase in NOA
FCFF (NOPAT - Increase in NOA)
Discount factor [1 / (1 + rw)t ]
Present value of horizon FCFF
Cum present value of horizon FCFF \$
Present value of terminal FCFF
Total firm value
Less NNO (Plus negative NNO)
Firm equity value \$

Shares outstanding (millions)
Stock price per share \$

6. Estimating Share Value Using the ROPI Model
Following are forecasts of Abercrombie & Fitch's? sales, net operating profit after tax (NOPAT), and net operating assets (NOA) as of January 31, 2008. Refer to the information in the table to answer the following requirements.
Reported
2008 Horizon Period Terminal
Period
(In millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012
Sales \$3,750 \$4,500 \$5,400 \$6,480 \$7,776 \$7,853
NOPAT 464 555 672 795 941 986
NOA 1,315 1,614 1,930 2,336 2,773 2,798

Answer the following requirements assuming a discount rate (WACC) of 13.3%, a terminal period growth rate of 1%, common shares outstanding of 86.2 million, and net nonoperating obligations (NNO) of \$(270) million (negative NNO reflects net nonoperating assets such as investments rather than net obligations).

(a) Estimate the value of a share of Abercrombie & Fitch common stock using the residual operating income (ROPI) model as of January 31, 2008. (Round your answer to the nearest whole number except for the discount factors, shares outstanding, and the stock price per share. Round the discount factors to five decimal places, the shares outstanding to one decimal place, and and the stock price to two decimal places.)

Reported
2008 Horizon Period Terminal
Period
(In millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012
ROPI (NOPAT - [NOABeg × rw])
Discount factor [1 / (1 + rw)t ]
Present value of horizon ROPI
Cum present value of horizon ROPI \$
Present value of terminal ROPI
NOA
Total firm value
Less NNO (Plus negative NNO)
Firm equity value \$

Shares outstanding (millions)
Stock price per share \$.

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